A paved barn floor adds value to your property. It eliminates some of the hassles of dirt floors, such as dust and ruts, and makes it easier to remove animal wastes. Concrete is expensive and often requires renting a mixer. You can use recycled materials to pave your barn floor instead and help to keep the items out of local landfills.
Things You'll Need
- Used asphalt
- Reversible plate soil compactor
- Measuring tape
- Spirit level
- Board as long as your barn floor
Contact local, county and state street and highway departments to determine when and where you can purchase used asphalt, or arrange with a local paving contractor to buy removed material.
RentalSite.com provides listings of equipment rental companies. Go to the site, and click on "Search by Rental Category," under "What I Need." Click on "Tool Rentals." Scroll to the bottom of the page and click "Revise search." Scroll to the bottom of that page and select "Asphalt-Equip," from the drop-down menu under "What would you like to rent?" Select your state from the drop-down menu under "Where will you need it?" Select the closest city to you, and click on the blue/purple search button. Choose the company you wish to use.
Determine how much asphalt you will need to create a 1-foot thick floor by using a volume calculator. (See Resources.) Compact the asphalt to about half its original thickness; buy enough to fill your floor dimensions two feet deep.
Install floor on the hottest day possible, using a combination of the Farmer's Almanac and your local weather station to decide what day would work best. Cover the entire floor area with 6 inches of sand.
Heat the asphalt and spread half of it over your floor to an even thickness of one foot. Use your reversible plate soil compactor to compress the asphalt to six inches deep. This should force the sand between any asphalt chunks to mix with the binder. Repeat until floor is one foot thick.
Use a spirit level on a long board to check that the floor is level in all directions. Use your compactor to level any areas that are too high. Add asphalt and sand to low spots. Repeat level check until floor is smooth.
Tips & Warnings
- HMA stands for hot mix asphalt. According to Jesse Willoughby of Alaniz Paving, used asphalt can "...pave cattle feed lots, poultry house floors, barn floors, (sic) and greenhouse floors. Asphalt...provides protection against disease from waste materials." The National Asphalt Paving Association states that asphalt provides skid resistance, which can be very important in a barn or stable.
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