How to Design a Phlebotomy Room


A well-designed phlebotomy room is a necessity for any medical center. People are in a phlebotomy room to have their blood drawn, so it needs to be a place that inspires a patient to be trusting and relaxed as well as a place that holds all the necessary tools for the phlebotomist. Safety is also a key consideration in designing this sort of room. The room needs to be a combination of comfort and function. A little bit of planning will go a long way towards making your phlebotomy room efficient and comfortable.

Things You'll Need

  • Comfortable phlebotomy chairs
  • Sink
  • Hand sanitizer
  • Work tables
  • Rolling stools
  • Sharps containers
  • Latex and latex-free gloves in sizes S, M and L
  • Test tube racks
  • Marking pens
  • Tourniquets
  • Pediatric blood collection tubes in all colors: gray, red, speckled, lavender, blue, dark blue, pink, green, and gray
  • Adult blood collection tubes in all colors: gray, red, speckled, lavender, blue, dark blue, pink, green, and gray
  • Lancets
  • Needles, 20 gauge
  • Needles, 21 gauge
  • Needles, 22 gauge
  • Needles, butterfly
  • Syringes
  • Alcohol pads
  • Iodine
  • Gauze
  • Sterile tape
  • Paper tape
  • Storage cabinet
  • Blood culture bottles
  • Filter paper
  • Bleach and water combination
  • Blood pressure cuffs
  • Stethoscopes
  • Stopwatches
  • Chain-of-evidence forms
  • Refrigerators/freezers
  • Icepacks
  • Orange and apple juice
  • Cookies

How to Design a Phlebotomy Room

  • Choose a room that is large enough, and place the necessary number of phlebotomy chairs far enough away from each other to assure easy access to all sides of the chair. Place a worktable next to each chair. There should also be at least one sink in the room and hand sanitizer placed in obvious locations.

  • Place one rolling stool for each phlebotomy chair in the room. Be sure to place a Sharps container at each chair, either wall mounted or on the worktable. Add a box of gloves in each size to the table as well as a test tube rack and marking pens.

  • Stock each worktable with tourniquets, pediatric and adult blood collection tubes, lancets, needles of all sizes, syringes, alcohol pads, iodine, gauze, and both sterile and paper tape.

  • Be sure that the storage cabinet is stocked with blood culture bottles, filter paper, a spray bottle with a bleach and water solution, blood pressure cuffs, stethoscopes, stopwatches and chain of evidence forms.

  • The room should contain a refrigerator for specimens and one for refreshments. The room should have a freezer that holds a few icepacks that can be used in case a patient feels faint or if they bruise. The refreshment fridge should be stocked with orange and apple juice. There should also be cookies on hand.

Tips & Warnings

  • Never keep needles out in the open. That only serves to upset patients and is a danger as well. Adding some relaxing landscape pictures to the walls can help make it a more pleasant space. Avoid using any type of air freshener or perfume in the room because some people are allergic to scents. Add a television if space permits to allow patients a diversion. Keep in mind that no matter how nice your phlebotomy room is you may still have unhappy patients.


  • Phlebotomy Essentials; Ruth E. McCall, 2003
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