When writing a research paper, your teacher will likely ask you to include a works cited page after the main body of your essay. This page lists all the sources used in your research and referenced in your paper. Creating a strong works cited page will let your reader see how hard you've worked in finding the information for your paper. Citation styles differ, and your teacher probably will instruct you to use the style preferred in your field of study.
General Formatting Rules
Your works cited page should be a separate page after the final page of your paper. If you are using endnotes in your paper, it should be a separate page after the endnotes.
Title your works cited page. The title and formatting you use will vary depending on the citation style you use. The title will always be centered at the top of the page. Include two spaces between the title and the first work you cite.
List each of the works you cite, in alphabetical order of the author's last name. Each work should be given a separate line. If the entry for a work takes up more than one line, indent each line after the first one by half an inch.
Modern Language Association (MLA) Style
When using Modern Language Association style, your works cited page should be titled "Works Cited." Do not boldface, italicize or underline your title.
Each reference in your works cited list should be double-spaced. However, do not skip spaces between references. If multiple references are by the same author, replace the author's name with three dashes and a period (---.) in each entry after the first.
The basic citation style for a reference in MLA format is as follows:
Author's last name, first name. Title of work. Publication location: Publisher, year published. Publication medium.
For example, book citations in MLA format might look like this:
Sacks, Oliver. A Leg to Stand On. New York, NY: Summit Books, 1984. Print.
Hart, Roger, and A.W. Reed. Maori Myth and Legend. Wellington, NZ: Roger Hart and Literary Productions, 1983. Print.
American Psychological Association (APA) Style
In American Psychological Association style, title your works cited page References. Do not use bold type for this word or underline it.
The entirety of your works cited page should be double-spaced, including a space between each entry. If you have multiple entries by the same author, list the author for all those entries. Only the first word of the work is capitalized in most cases.
Basic APA formatting for a citation is as follows:
Author's last name, first initials. (Date of publication). Title of work: Subtitle if applicable. Publication location: Publisher.
Sacks, O. (1984). A leg to stand on. New York, NY: Summit Books.
Hart, R., & Reed, A.W. (1983). Maori myth and legend. Wellington, NZ: Roger Hart and Literary Productions.
Chicago Manual of Style
Your works cited page should be titled "References." Do not italicize, boldface or underline this word.
Each entry on the works cited list should be single-spaced. Leave a space between each entry. If multiple references are by the same author, replace the author's name with three dashes and a period (---.) in each entry after the first.
Chicago style uses the following basic formatting for an entry:
Author's last name, first name. Work title. Publisher location: Publisher, Publication date.
Sacks, Oliver. A Leg to Stand On. New York, NY: Summit Books, 1984.
Hart, Roger, and A.W. Reed. Maori Myth and Legend. Wellington, NZ: Roger Hart and Literary Productions, 1983.
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How to Do "Works Cited" in MLA Format
All sources cited in the body of a research paper using the Modern Language Association style need an entry on the Works...