Everyone wants smooth, even-toned skin, but there is a barrage of factors working against us-redness, brown spots, broken blood vessels, dry patches, excess pigmentation.. the list goes on. Follow these steps to an even complexion-no matter your age or skin concerns.
The first step to eliminating blotchy skin is determining the cause. The most common factor is sun damage, which causes brown and/or red discolorations. Certain medications can also cause splotchy pigment changes. Thin skin in some areas (which spread as we age) can allow tiny blood vessels to be apparent, which works against even coloring. Whether you have one or a combination of these factors, it's important to combat all elements working against your skin, and prevent ones that may affect you later.
You'll need to customize your daily skin-care regimen to your skin's needs. Choose a gentle cleanser that works with your skin type to clean thoroughly without stripping moisture or damaging your skin. With so many thousands of products out there, you'll need to do some research and product-testing to find what's right for you.
Once you've found the perfect cleanser, choose your moisturizer. As with choosing a cleanser, you'll need to find a moisturizer that works to balance your skin, fully hydrating, but not leaving any oily or greasy residue. Everyone's skin takes product differently, so these two steps are very important for you to take your time on and be sure you're using the right products.
Prevent sun damage. No product can undo damage that's already done, so its extremely important to start protecting your skin from any future sun damage. Some form of SPF must be applied to skin daily. You can find SPF in certain moisturizers, makeups, specialized face sunscreens, and lip balms. You can also find SPF with fashion benefits as well. Wide-brimmed hats and large sunglasses protect delicate areas of skin from sun exposure.
Now that you've got the skin-care basics taken care of, it's time to target your problem areas. You may choose to see a dermatologist to discuss your problems, but this is not always necessary. If you have blotchiness caused by sun damage, first use soothing and redness-reducing creams. Some of these can replace your daily moisturizer, and some are designed to work with it. Be sure to follow instructions, and be careful not to compromise and SPF factors by replacing some of your products.
Once redness is under control, you can use brightening formulas to mask discoloration and visibly enhance your complexion. Look for ingredients like vitamin C, kojic acid, and white flower extracts.
If you have ongoing redness, splotchiness, dryness or irritation, you may have rosacea. See a dermatologist and discuss your concerns. If diagnosed, your doctor may prescribe a topical treatment gel or oral antibiotics. These should reduce redness and impurities that irritate the skin, leaving your complexion smoother and brighter.
For any remaining more severe discolorations like broken capillaries and darker brown spots, discuss with your doctor Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) treatments, also known as photorejuventation. IPL penetrates to deeper layers of skin, targeting excess pigmentation and healing damaged areas.. IPL does not wound tissue, so recovery time is minimal. You might need a series of up to 6 treatments for visible, long-lasting results.