How to Make Sparkling Wine

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To make sparkling wine, follow the steps for making white wine - then include these steps at the end of the process.

Things You'll Need

  • homemade white wines
  • Champagne bottles, corks and wire
  • siphon hoses
  • wine yeasts
  • ice baths and/or freezer
  • Wine Yeasts
  • Siphon Hoses
  • Ice Baths And/or Freezer
  • Homemade White Wines

Starting Bottle Fermentation

  • Follow the process of making white wine, but omit final addition of campden tablet (sulfite) during final racking. (See "How to Make White Wine from Fresh Grapes.")

  • Figure out how much sugar you'll need to add to wine to create 4 pounds of atmospheric pressure after fermentation. Usually, 4 grams of sugar for each liter of wine will make 1 atmosphere of pressure.

  • Dissolve the sugar in a small amount of wine to make sugar syrup.

  • Rehydrate yeast in warm water and add to sugar syrup. Let sit for 10 minutes.

  • Add syrup/yeast mixture to wine. Stir thoroughly and shake to aerate.

  • Siphon wine into bottles. (See "How to Bottle Wine.")

  • Insert corks and secure with wire.

  • Lay bottles on sides to ferment.

Removing Sediment

  • When sediment has formed, give each bottle a slight, 1/2-inch twist and invert about 2 inches. Do this every two to three days until bottles are upside down and sediment sits on the corks.

  • When wine is clear, place bottles, upside down, in a deep-freeze with tops of bottles inserted in a freezing mixture.

  • Remove cork and sediment when sediment freezes.

  • Add 1 tsp. sugar syrup per bottle as quickly as possible and immediately recork. Fit cork with wire.

  • Let age or serve. Chill wine to about 55 degrees F before serving.

Tips & Warnings

  • Bubbles form when yeast ferments in the bottle.
  • Use a white wine that has been fermented to absolute dry.

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