DIY Wood Canopy Bed Frames

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A wooden canopy bed is the epitome of elegant bedroom furnishings, but it can be pretty expensive to buy and most people wouldn’t even dream of trying to build one. Happily, a DIY canopy bed frame is not all that complex to make, especially if you pare back the design to a country style bed with solid construction and simple lines.

Things You'll Need

  • 2 planks 1-by-6 lumber, 40 inches
  • 2 planks 1-by-6 lumber, 77 inches
  • Wood glue
  • Corner clamps
  • Drill
  • 1 3/4-inch wood screws
  • 1 planks 1-by-2 lumber, 75 inches
  • 4 planks 2-by-4 lumber, 80 inches
  • G-clamps
  • Level
  • 2 3/4-inch lag bolts
  • 2 planks 2-by-2 lumber, 77 inches
  • 2 planks 2-by-2 lumber, 46 inches
  • Miter saw
  • 2-inch wood screws
  • 2 3/4-inch wood screws
  • Step ladder
  • 30 planks 1-by-2 lumber, 40 inches

Building the Bed Base

  • Stand two planks of 77-inch 1-by-6 lumber up on their 1-inch edges, 40 inches apart. Fit two planks of 40-inch 1-by-6 lumber between the ends of the 77-inch planks, making a rectangle frame. The 77-inch planks are the side rails of the bed base and the 40-inch planks are the head and foot of the bed base, which is twin size.

  • Glue the side rails and head and foot planks together and set into corner clamps to let the glue dry. Fasten the bed base together with four 1 3/4-inch screws driven evenly through the side of the rails into the ends of the head and foot planks.

  • Measure down 3 inches from the top of the side rails and position a 75-inch plank of 1-by-2 lumber along each side rail. These are the support planks for the bed slats. Secure the support planks to the side rails with 1 3/4-inch screws driven every 8 to 10 inches along the length of the support plank.

Attaching the Leg Posts

  • Position four 80-inch planks of 2-by-4 lumber upright against the side rails, flush with the head and foot of the bed base. These are the leg posts for the bed. Have a helper assist you to lift the bed base 10 inches off the ground and then clamp the legs to the bed base with G-clamps at this height. Check that the base is level and adjust if necessary.

  • Drill four pilot holes, sized for the shaft of 2 3/4-inch lag bolts, through the side rails into each of the leg posts. This will keep the outside of the leg posts unmarred by screw holes.

  • Secure the leg posts to the bed base with 2 3/4-inch lag bolts through the side rails into the leg posts.

Building the Canopy

Attaching the Canopy and Bed Slats

  • Climb a ladder and have a helper assist you in raising the canopy up onto the ends of the leg posts. The corners of the canopy should be flush with the corners of the bed posts.

  • Secure the canopy to the top of the bed posts with two 2 3/4-inch wood screws through the top of the canopy into each leg post.

  • Evenly space 30 planks of 1-by-2 lumber across the bed base, with the ends of the slats resting on the support planks on either side of the bed rails. There should be 1/2 inch between each slat.

  • Fix the slats to the support planks with 1 3/4-inch wood screws through each slat end into the support planks.

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