Stainless steel is an iron-based material that contains at least 10 percent chromium, according to the website Lenntech. Stainless steel comes in more than 150 grades, with heat capacities depending on chemical composition. Two of the most widely used grades are 304 and 316L.
The heat capacity of a material is the amount of energy required to change the temperature of a material by one degree Celsius.
Stainless Steel 304
The heat capacity of stainless steel 304 is 0.5 J/g-°C (Joules per gram per degree Celsius). Stainless steel 304 is the variety most commonly found in pans, cooking tools and general food and beverage preparation.
Stainless Steel 316L
The heat capacity of Stainless Steel 316L is 0.5 J/g-°C. This is the variety of stainless steel most commonly used for pharmaceutical, chemical, surgical and medical applications.
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