What Are the Causes of Frontal Lobe Headaches?

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Frontal lobe headaches are mild to severe pain in the forehead or temples. The pain corresponds to the location of the frontal lobes of the cerebral cortex, but causes are not necessarily related to illnesses or dysfunctions that originate there and are varied.

Tension Headaches

Most headaches are tension headaches, which are often localized in the forehead or in the temples. These headaches are often due to neurologic (i.e., nerve) disturbance as a result of cervical and pericranial muscle activity of the neck and upper spine, poor posture or anxiety. Triggers of tension headaches include stress, lack of sleep, fatigue and poor nutrition.

Cluster Headaches and Migraines

Migraines and cluster headaches are both thought to start as neurologic dysfunctions that involve a cranial nerve in the brain—the trigeminal nerve--that controls sensation in the face. Both are triggered by multiple factors, including heredity, brain dysfunction, vascular disturbance, medications (e.g., birth control pills and vasodilators), fatigue, exertion, emotional stress, certain foods and alcohol.

Sinusitis

Sinusitis is an acute (brief) or chronic condition caused by inflammation of the sinuses. Sinus cavities lie behind and connect the mouth, ears, nose and eyes. Infection within the sinus passageways often manifests as pain behind the eyes and the forehead. Anti-inflammatory medications, such as ibuprofen, or analgesics, such as aspirin, can reduce pain associated with sinusitis. Prescription antibiotics can be used for infections that do not clear in a few days.

Temporal Arteritis

Temporal arteritis is caused by inflammation of the artery that is located above the eyes at the temples. Swelling causes the arteries to narrow, reducing blood flow.

Tumors

Tumors can cause lobe frontal headaches. Tumor pain will not subside over time.

Caution

If you experience chronic or recurrent headaches, do not simply treat the symptoms with pain relievers. If you get headaches and take pain medication more than four times a week, seek a medical evaluation for the possible causes.

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