Water softening is the process of removing minerals (such as magnesium and calcium) from hard water. The water softening process generally occurs at the water plant. Water softening units remove the positive ions of calcium and magnesium.
Over time, the magnesium and calcium in hard water can clog pipes and shower heads. Soap and detergent do not dissolve properly in hard water.
Hard water can cause the deposits of lime scales in household water heating units. This reduces their efficiency and increases heating costs. Lime scale deposits can also affect the proper functioning of water-based appliances, such as, laundry machines and dishwashers. Hard water increases repair costs and reduces the lifespan of appliances.
Some water softeners also remove iron and fluoride from hard water, which improves the water's taste. Since softened water doesn't contain sodium, it is safe for people on a low-sodium diet.
Soft water reduces the amount of cleaning you have to do because it doesn't leave ugly stains on sinks, faucets and bathroom tiles.
Soft water has a conditioning affect on clothes, hair and skin. Bathing with soft water can help people who suffer from dry skin or dandruff.
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