ROM stands for read only memory. The .ROM file extension is used for ROM emulation files or update files. It is a major type of memory used on computers and can only be read unlike random access memory (RAM) that can be read or written.
ROM files are used to update hardware and firmware, as well as being used to hold software for game console emulators.
ROM files are generally downloaded for immediate use and can be found almost anywhere on a computer.
There have been no recorded computer attacks using this file extension, as of 2009, but security experts have theorized that these files can be hijacked and tampered with to provide bad information to a computer's ROM.
The most common programs associated with ROM files are memory flashers that update a motherboard's BIOS (Asus EZ Flash) or emulation programs used to play games.
ROM files can have program-specific extensions, such as: .n64, .smc, .adf, .gba and .d64.
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