The History of Cup Stacking


The official sport of cup stacking started off in California in the early 1980s at a boys and girl's club. After national recognition and TV exposure, the sport was governed and formed with rules and guidelines. Currently, cup stacking is a competitive sport for players of all ages and holds competitions at the World Sport Stacking Association in Denver, Colorado.


  • Historically, cup stacking has also been called sport stacking or speed stacking. Cup stacking began in the early 1980s when Wayne Godinet invented the sport at the southern California boys and girls' club. He introduced the initial formations for the cups and originally called it "Karango Cup Stack." Later, he created a group called "Cupstack." By 1990, cup stacking achieved national recognition when Godinet was a guest on The Tonight Show with Johnny Carson.

Bob Fox

  • After Godinet and the sport had gained a huge amount of attention, he began working with a physical education teacher named Bob Fox. According to, Fox "was the man who invented the formations and gave the name to the cycle stack." He formalized the rules and established a governing body named the World Sport Stacking Association (WSSA).

World Sport Stacking Association

  • The early competitions of cup stacking were held in 1998 in Oceanside, California and Denver. However, the WSSA emerged in 2001 to promote and govern sport stacking on a global level. It was originally called the World Cup Stacking Association (WCSA), but changed its name in 2005 after recognizing that stacking was considered a sport.

Speed Stacks

  • In addition to forming the WSSA, Fox also founded the company Speed Stacks. Along with his business partner Larry Goers, Fox developed a line of proprietary sport stacking products such as the patented timing system. This system was titled the "StackMat," which is also included in speedcubing. According to, "the StackMat combines a precision timer with super sensitive touch pads and an optimum stacking surface mat with cool graphics." It is the official timing device for the WSSA.


  • At the 2010 WSSA Championship in Denver, two world records were set in two different stacking events. The new 3-3-3 record was set by 10-year old Kenneth Liao from Tennessee with a time of 1.72 seconds. The timed 3-6-3 relay record was set by the relay team "For the Win." The team was made up of U.S. members Lawrence Maceren, Steven Purugganan, John Harden and Luke Myers.

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