About Ductless Air Conditioning

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As its name suggests, ductless air conditioning is a cooling system that operates without the need for ductwork. It is an increasingly popular alternative to the traditional central air conditioning systems and is used particularly for small apartments, sunrooms and homes built without duct systems.

Components

  • Ductless air conditioning systems are made up of two main units. The first is a cooling unit situated inside the home and a compressor unit located outside. The two units are linked by a conduit, which contains a condensate drain, suction tubing, refrigerant tubing and power cable. The system comes with a remote control, and has a built-in timer that can be used to set the system's cycle.

Function

  • The ductless air conditioning system is designed with a pair of refrigerant lines that run between the outside unit and the inside unit. The first of these supplies electricity, while the second takes away water, or condensate. They help maintain a flow of cool air from the exterior compressor to the interior cooling unit, which pumps cool air into the home.

Capacity

  • For the average home, three of the ductless air conditioning units are sufficient to cool the whole house without the use of air ducts. This cooling system can be used to cool just the one room, or the whole house. This is because each individual unit is equipped with a thermostat, enabling you to set different temperatures for the different rooms they are located in. The fan on each one also offers variable speeds.

Cost

  • Depending on the size of the home, installation costs for a complete system range from around $2,000 to $7,000. This cost is roughly double that of installing a window system, and roughly 30% more than a central system, if your house already has ducts. For a home that lacks ductwork or the space to install ducts, it is less expensive to install a ductless air conditioning system than central air conditioning.

Considerations

  • It is important that you choose the correct size of ductless system for your purposes, both for the sake of your operating costs and your own comfort. The factors that affect choice of size include square footage of the area to be covered by the system, as well as lifestyle, number of people living there, the climate, number and type of the house's windows, thickness of insulation in the walls, insulation in the attic, and so on.

Benefits

  • Ductless air conditioning offers a number of benefits over traditional models. It is cheaper and easier to install, especially because you don't need ductwork. It takes up very little space compared to other systems, and will fit in places most others can't fit into. The noisiest component of the system is outside, which helps make this type of system quieter than others.

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