The most effective managers have a common set of core skills that enable them to fulfill their duties. Managers come in many personalities, but those who perform their job functions well generally exhibit at least some of these common characteristics.
Core management skills are the basic functions required of most management roles. The duties of a manager can vary drastically depending on the level and the industry, but this basic set of skills seems to apply across most situations. This set of core skills can be used to determine whether an individual will be successful in a management role, and variations of this general skill set are frequently used to evaluate candidates during the interview process.
Core management skills enable an individual to serve as a leader and supervisor of a group of workers. These core skills help a person communicate, delegate, lead and inspire her constituents. Any person lacking most of these skills would not have much success motivating staff or gaining the respect of employees.
Core management skills are subjective. There are many professionals who would give you a different opinion of which characteristics make up core management skills. In general, this set of skills consists of leadership ability, charisma, patience, empathy, communication, problem solving, coaching and customer service.
Managers who have a strong set of core management skills tend to relate better to employees, have better employee retention and lead more productive departments. Most organizations seek out managers who have these characteristics, due to the likelihood that a person with those skills will be successful in her management role.
Most managers have a style of management that is uniquely their own. Not possessing every one of a given set of traits does not guarantee that one person won’t make an effective manager, but companies typically take the safe road and hire employees who exhibit characteristics similar to the managers who have had the most success in the past.