Types of Pine Wood Fencing

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Pine wood fencing creates a natural look no matter where it stands. Pine, a whitewood commonly found throughout the United States and Canada, is an easy wood to work with due to its soft grain. Pine wood fences come in several types and sizes and not only complement a yard but serve to keep farm animals within boundaries or even enhance a commercial entry.

Function

  • Pine wood fences, not unlike other types of fences, are meant to create a visual and physical barrier between properties. They work to create privacy, to distinguish garden boundaries and can also serve as a livestock boundary. Pine wood fences not only serve these required purposes but also look nice and can be incorporated into part of any landscaping design.

Types of Fence Structures

  • Picket fencing has been around for hundreds of years and is often paired with cottage-like homes. According to the American Fence Association, picket fencing is the most popular type. Picket fences are built in a variety of styles such as pointed picket or round-top picket and have different gap widths between post and slats.

    Post and rail is a good ecological and economical fence type which can be used for miles-long fencing on farm and agricultural land or other areas. These are also easy to construct just about anywhere, and can be made from untreated pine logs with the bark left on for an even more natural and rugged look.

    Privacy fences are constructed so that there are no gaps between the boards and these are often 6 feet tall, while free standing arbors or fence-linked arbors may be constructed out of pine wood as well and often serve as garden or yard entryways.

Types of Pine

  • Southern yellow pine is a durable wood found more in the Midwest and southeast United States. It is estimated by wood supplier Mike Fink that 80 percent of wood fences are constructed of either pressure-treated pine or red cedar. White pine is another common type that can be found in most regions of the United States and Canada. Sugar pine has long been used for fencing and crate-making and is lighter and softer than yellow pine. Ranchers have long been using this type of pine to make rugged post and rail fences for cattle.

Size

  • Pine fences can be built to any custom size, from a small 2-foot high garden enclosure to a 10-foot high road barrier. Many standard fences are about 3 to 4 feet high but can vary due to decorative elements. Privacy fences are normally higher than 5 feet and quite commonly 6 to 8 feet high.

Considerations

  • Pressure-treated pine prevents warping, rotting wood and all around weathering. Using only galvanized nails and hardware in the construction of any wood fence will help prevent rust streaks as well as preserve the sturdiness of a fence. According to the American Fence Association, the pressure-treating process helps wood to resist decay and insect damage and pressure-treated Southern yellow pine usually comes with at least a 10-year warranty, though some companies may offer a lifetime warranty. There are many types of paint or wood stain which helps to protect the wood as well. Setting wood posts in concrete can also help prevent decay and support the overall structure.

Benefits

  • Pine wood fencing is pleasing not only in residential areas but also in commercial business locations and rural or farmland areas. When treated properly a pine fence can last a long time, create better privacy and is much nicer to look at than many other fence types. Pine is usually slightly cheaper than Western red cedar and other types of commonly used fence woods.

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  • Photo Credit Picture courtesy of Accokeek Fence Co.
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