When it comes to pool cleaning and maintenance, ozone emerges as the favorite over chlorine. Europeans used it for more than 100 years in hospitals to refine water and to contain odor. Like chlorine chemicals, ozone gas, an active form of oxygen, oxidizes waste material when it melts in water.
Ozone Cleaning Basics
Since it is a potent oxidizer, ozone is ideal for use in a pool or spa. Unlike chlorinated systems, however, ozone pools clean thoroughly. Oxygen from the air passes through the ozone system's chamber and is exposed to specific UV radiation. In this way molecules of oxygen, O2, are combined into O3, forming ozone.
Producing ozone like this oxidizes any contents that could pollute the water, destroying them quickly. With Ozone, the filter system absorbs dirt, grease, oils and excess waste a great deal faster. Ozone breaks up naturally and quickly changes into oxygen. Since it is a more efficient product, it reduces the future volume of work and resources that are necessary to maintain the pool. Consequently, the pool stays in mint condition for a much longer time.
How It's Done
When fitted in a pool's or spa's filtration plumbing system, the ozone equipment shoots ozone gas into the pool water through a tiny tube, purifying it most efficiently. The water passes through the ozone kit's system cells and is ionized with a particular electrical frequency. The resulting positively charged oxygen particles connect with negatively charged molecules in the water.
This process produces approximately 15 grams of dissolved ozone-03 per hour. It also releases tiny amounts of copper and silver ions that kill bacteria and keep the water healthy and clean. At times, however, the water still needs chlorine as a supplementary treatment. It acts as an antiseptic, but in much smaller doses than when it used on its own. In addition, since the ozone system is pH-neutral, it does away with the need to use acid, which makes the water corrosive and harsh.
Points to Remember
Ozone generators use electricity to change oxygen in the air into ozone or O3. Producing and using ozone has to happen on the spot, because it is a disinfectant with a short life span.
The pool filter and strainer need regular upkeep. Neglecting this will weaken the recirculation system, and make the pool appear filthier than what it actually is. Habitually, we identify pool cleaning and maintenance with chlorine. Naturally, it requires re-education for most of us to begin to think of and use ozone for these purposes.
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