The geodesic dome was created by the eccentric architect and philosopher Buckminster Fuller in 1948. In creating the geodesic dome, Fuller was motivated by more than a desire to create an innovative design---he thought that he was literally helping to save the world. While the structure did not quite solve the world's problems as Fuller had hoped, the geodesic dome has proven to have many useful advantages in building construction.
The geodesic dome is designed to provide the greatest stability in a structure while requiring the fewest materials. In fact, the larger that a geodesic dome gets, the more stable it becomes. A geodesic dome encloses more space with fewer building materials than almost any other conceivable structure. Because of this it has proven to be ideal for large venues such as sports stadiums. The geodesic dome offers the advantage of doing more with less.
Geodesic domes are capable of withstanding every natural disaster except fire and flood. The inherent stability of the design of a geodesic dome allows it to withstand pressures that normal structures simply can't. Stress is automatically distributed throughout the frame of a geodesic dome. Because of this, architects have found advantages in using geodesic dome structures in disaster-proof buildings and in buildings that are designed for unusually hostile environments.
The geodesic dome was completely dreamed up in Buckminster Fuller's head using his knowledge of abstract geometry. It proved to be a great surprise then when the structure was found in nature. Fullerene, or C60, a molecule named for Fuller, was discovered in 1985. It has since been found to have numerous uses in nanotechnology and materials science. One of the advantages of a geodesic dome is the simple fascination of its naturally occurring shape.
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