Digital photography has several advantages over older photography made by exposing light-sensitive film and developing the photos with photography chemicals. Digital photos can be stored and shared electronically and viewed immediately rather than after developing. Digital cameras are also more convenient and easier to use than film cameras. Perhaps the biggest difference between digital and film photography is ease of editing. Photographers are now able to shoot photographs, upload them to a computer and begin editing them within minutes. Digital photography also offers photographers editing capabilities that are not available with film photography.
Not all photographs are taken in perfect lighting, but with the color balancing, brightness and contrast features in most graphics programs, all photos can look like they were taken in ideal lighting conditions. While color balancing or correcting requires a good understanding of which colors make up other colors, and not everyone will be successful at it, color balancing digital photos is much easier than attempting to fix colors or lighting on film photography.
The process of evening out skin tone and removing imperfections is known as airbrushing and is used on both digital and film photos. With graphics software widely available, airbrushing is no longer reserved for skilled photographers alone. Now anyone can learn how to airbrush their photos.
Photos often contain people or objects that are not wanted. Digital editing software allows professional and amateur photographers the ability to crop photos for a variety of reasons. Photos can be cropped to fit into a specific frame, eliminate distracting elements or change the focus of the photo. Digital photography allows the user to see the effects of the cropping immediately and adjust it if needed.
Silhouetting a photo involves removing the background of an image. Images that are silhouetted can be placed on a new background or used in printed or digital material without a background. This type of editing can be used to overlap many images without having to deal with different backgrounds.
There are a variety of alterations that can be done using graphic editing software. Cloning is one such alteration. It can be used to remove an unwanted portion of a photo that cannot be cropped out. Cloning can also be used to add copies of a specific item in the photo. Additional changes that can be made to a digital photograph include retouching photos to fix clothing, removing errant strands of hair or removing the glare from a flash.
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