Chinese Painting Facts for Kids

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Calligraphy is as revered a Chinese art form as painting.
Calligraphy is as revered a Chinese art form as painting. (Image: Jupiterimages/Goodshoot/Getty Images)

Teach kids about the long history of Chinese painting with a few important facts. According to The Metropolitan Museum of Art, the late Tang Dynasty, which lasted from 618 to 906 A.D., was the turning point in which painting began to depict the inner heart and mind of the artist rather than complete realism. Children can learn and understand key facts about the history and methods of Chinese painting.

Nature

Chinese painting has historically represented nature and people's relationship with the natural world. The geography of China is diverse -- including mountains, deserts and forests -- and artists have depicted these scenes in painting. Animals -- such as horses, fish, birds and tigers -- are also frequent subjects in Chinese painting.

Mountains symbolize sanctuary from the city.
Mountains symbolize sanctuary from the city. (Image: NA/AbleStock.com/Getty Images)

Silk

Painters first painted on decorative and domestic objects, such as pottery and lacquer boxes. Later painting was done on silk cloth. Paper was invented in 100 B.C. in China and artists soon began painting on it. Rice paper, which is a thin -- near translucent -- material is usually associated with traditional Chinese painting.

Watercolor

Unlike Europe, where tempura and oil paints were historically used, classic Chinese painting is all watercolor or Chinese black ink, which is made from pine tree extract and glue. The black ink is diluted with water to create gray and black tones.

Pigments are mixed with water in watercolor painting.
Pigments are mixed with water in watercolor painting. (Image: Photos.com/Photos.com/Getty Images)

Landscapes

The late Tang Dynasty was the height of landscape painting in China, when artists created lifelike but imaginary images of nature. Mountains and trees were used to depict the artist's longing to be embraced by the natural world. Landscape painting became an important theme from this point onwards.

Calligraphy

The writing of Chinese characters is called calligraphy and is considered to be as important as painting in Chinese art and is actually a type of painting. Some watercolor paintings feature calligraphy only, written into poetry.

Chinese black ink is used for calligraphy.
Chinese black ink is used for calligraphy. (Image: K-King Photography Media Co. Ltd/Lifesize/Getty Images)

Paintbrushes

Traditional Chinese painting utilizes soft paintbrushes made from animal hairs. Wolf and sheep hairs are used in brushes with bamboo handles. The brush itself is thick, but tapers at the end. Artists utilize only eight brushstrokes in calligraphy and painting, the number eight considered lucky in Chinese culture.

Asymmetry

Chinese painters favored asymmetrical compositions with odd numbers. For example, objects in paintings were placed either left or right of the center. If an artist was painting a flower, an odd number of petals would be painted.

Signature

When a painting was complete, the artist would press a "chop," or a stamp-like signature onto the painting. This "chop" was carved from stone as a relief by artisans and unique to its owner. It was pushed into red colored ink and then pressed onto the artwork.

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