Plumeria or frangipani is a tree that grows up to 30 feet in height. Propagation by cutting is generally the most acceptable method, since commercial seeds are not widely available. The canopy of the plumeria is often as wide as the tree is tall. The flowers are quite fragrant and come in red, pink, yellow or white colors. Some cutivars have multicolored blooms. The five petals of each flower form a "pinwheel" shape and bloom from midspring to early winter.
Things You'll Need
- Sharp knife or pruning shears
- Rooting compound (optional)
- Large pot
- Fertilizer (10-30-10)
Cut a healthy-looking plumeria stem that is 1 to 2 feet in length with a sharp knife or pruning shears.
Remove any foliage and the flower stalks before setting it in a dry area to cure for two or three weeks. This allows the cut area to heal and scab over.
Dip the cut end of the plumeria in a rooting compound before planting. Although this is optional, it encourages root growth.
Plant the plumeria cutting in a shady location in your yard or in a pot at a depth of 5 or 6 inches. Once new growth develops on the cutting, move it to a brighter location. Use caution when transplanting it -- the root system is brittle. They grow best in partial shade or full sunlight.
Water the plumeria once you plant it. Do not overwater during the rooting process. Allow the soil to dry out between watering. Expect some flowers during the first year, but they will not be prolific.
Tips & Warnings
- Fertilize the plumeria plant every three or four months. Use a 10:30:10 fertilizer and spread it approximately 2 feet beyond the foliage line. Treat it with 1 lb. fertilizer for every 1 inch of the trunk diameter.
- Plant the plumeria in a pot if you live in an area where temperatures dip below freezing in the winter months. This allows you to bring it inside during the cold weather.
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