How to Put a Twin-Size Bed Together


Twin-size bed frames come in two basic designs: rail frames and board frames. Even more ornate and complex designs often add their components to a rail or board frame once it has been assembled. In either case, assembly is one of the easier home projects you can take on. All the lumber and hardware -- and often even the tools -- you need come with the frame kit, and the process should take no more than an hour.

Things You'll Need

  • Bed frame kit
  • Listed tools

Rail Frame

  • Clear an area on the floor about the size of your mattress. For a twin bed, this will be about 3 feet wide by 6 feet long.

  • Set the rails on the floor, running parallel to each other, about where the sides of the bed will be once assembled.

  • Unfold the top and bottom rails from the side rails. This often works like opening a pocketknife.

  • Overlap the top rails from both side rails until the pre-drilled holes overlap. Connect them using the nut and bolt that came with the kit.

  • Repeat Step 4 for the bottom rails.

  • Set the box springs inside the frame formed by the rails. Add the mattress to the top.

Board Frame

  • Set the headboard and foot board on the ground, about where they will be once the bed is assembled. Lean the headboard against the wall.

  • Set the side rails in position between the head and foot boards. Position them so the raw wood and rails face inside, toward each other.

  • Attach the side rails to the headboard. The specific method will vary from design to design. Two common methods use a bolt or screw passing through the headboard or an anchor plate inside the headboard.

  • Repeat Step 3 to attach the side rails to the foot board. In many cases, this will be the same method as with the headboard.

  • Slide the box spring and the mattress into the frame formed by the boards and side rails.

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