A valance is a type of window treatment that is positioned at the top of the window. Usually a valance will help to cover or disguise the curtain rod and hardware. Some valances are used alone, without draperies. These are often attached to a simple piece of wood and they dress up the top of the window. The other style of valance that is considered a no-sew project is the scarf valance. This is a fabric panel that is draped across the top of the window in a swag shape. Making a simple, no-sew valance takes less than an hour.
Things You'll Need
- Tape measure
- 1-by-3-inch Header board
- L brackets
- No-sew tape
- 5 Small tieback posts
- Rings and clamps
- 2 Large tieback posts
- Window scarf
Valance and Header Board
Measure the width of the window outside the window trim. Add eight inches. Have a 1-by-3-inch board cut to this length at a home-improvement store.
Attach two L-shaped brackets to the wall above the window. Position each L-shaped bracket four inches inside the edge of the trim. The bottom of the bracket can touch the window trim. The top of the upside down L will look like a shelf projecting horizontally away from the wall. Mark the brackets, and screw them into place with a screwdriver
Center the board on the brackets, and measure from the top of the board down to the finished height of your valance. Most valances are about 1/3 the height of the window. Add two inches to your height measurement for seams and staples. Measure the length of the board. Measure the side of the board, and add twice the side measurement to the length, plus an inch for seams. Cut your fabric to size.
Fold a half-inch of the sides of your fabric under, and iron the fold. Insert no-sew tape under the fold, and iron it a second time. Staple the valance to the top of the header board. Start at the back of one side, and wrap the valance around the side, front and side of the board. Staple to the top side every few inches.
Center and screw the header board to the projecting L-brackets, using screws and a screwdriver.
Valance and Tiebacks
Measure the width of the window, and add eight inches. Measure the height of the valance you want, and add one inch. Cut your fabric to size.
Fold a half-inch of the sides of your fabric under, and iron the fold. Insert no-sew tape under the fold, and iron a second time.
Attach five small tieback posts, evenly spaced, two inches above the window trim. Screw the posts to the wall.
Slip ring and clips over each post. A ring and clip is a standard curtain attachment that is made up of a ring attached to an alligator-style clamp.
Clip each end of the fabric to the two outside ring and clips first. Clip the center ring and clip next. Divide the fabric in half, and clip the last two clips. You should have little swags between each post.
Scarf Valance and Posts
Mount a larger tieback post four inches above each corner of the window.
Pick up a window scarf in both hands with equal amounts of extra fabric falling to each side. Place the fabric in each hand over a wall post.
Adjust the swag and drape of the fabric between the posts, and pin the scarf from the back side with a safety pin to keep it from slipping out of position.
Tips & Warnings
- Consider adding strands of beads to your swagged valances to dress them up.
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