Using Water Softener for Well Water


Hard water contains high levels of calcium and magnesium. Well water often becomes hard as a result of its flow over mineral rock surfaces, such as limestone. While hard water provides minerals beneficial to human health, these minerals can build up in household plumbing and lead to blockage and corrosion. Moreover, hard water leaves mineral deposit rings in bathtubs and increases difficulty in lathering soap and washing laundry. Water softener systems include two tanks for water filtration. One tank holds resin beads that the hard minerals are attracted to. The second tank cleans the minerals off the beads with a salt solution and expels the minerals from a drain.

Things You'll Need

  • Flow-controlled water softener system
  • 5 to 10 feet of 1/2 ID vinyl pipe
  • Outlet
  • Shovel
  • Gravel
  • Resin beads
  • Softener salts
  • Turn off your water heater.

  • Choose a location for the softener tanks. The location should be covered and protected from flooding and freezing. Additionally, the location should be close to the household piping system and accessible to the well piping system.

  • Place both tanks in the tank location close to each other. The salt tank will need to be refilled occasionally and so should remain easily accessible.

  • Attach the vinyl piping to the drainage hole of the large tank.

  • Under the vinyl pipe, dig a drainage ditch 6 inches wide and 10 feet long, running downhill from the tanks and any buildings.

  • Fill the drainage ditch with gravel.

  • Fill the large tank 1/2 to 2/3 full with resin beads.

  • Screw the control valve onto the large tank.

  • Attach the tanks using piping included in the softener system.

  • Attach the bypass valves and piping included in the softener system.

  • Connect the well outflow pipe to the intake valve of the softener system.

  • Fill the small tank with softener salts.

  • Plug in the softener swystem and turn it on.

  • Turn on a few hot and cold water faucets in the household until all air bubbles escape from the pipes.

  • Turn on your water heater.

Tips & Warnings

  • Hard well water contains minerals that are good for your health, and softened water may contain high sodium levels. Maintain one faucet with hard water for drinking to reap health benefits.

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  • Photo Credit well image by Gudellaphoto from
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