How to Build a Simple Outside Wood Railing for My Steps


Many people have outdoor steps on their property. Whether they lead from the back deck to the yard or from an above ground pool back to the grass, it is a good idea to build a railing to provide support for people who need assistance while climbing the steps as well as stability if someone starts to slip and fall. Here's how to build a simple wood railing for your outside steps.

Things You'll Need

  • Pressure treated lumber 2 inch by 4 inch by 6 foot, 5
  • Brackets, lightweight (3 to 6 holes), 4
  • Screws, 1/2 inch
  • Drill
  • Concrete
  • Shovel
  • Wheel barrow
  • Water
  • Tape measure
  • Dig post holes about 8 inches in diameter. Put the first one next to the top step and dig holes every 6 feet. Dig the first hole 24 inches deep and follow with holes that are 26 inches and 28 inches, so your railing will trend downward.

  • Mix concrete in your wheel barrow. Follow instructions on the concrete bag to mix the appropriate amount with water.

  • Place a 2 inch by 4 inch by 6 foot piece of lumber into each hole. Then shovel concrete in the hole until there is about an inch left. Once the concrete is dry, shovel dirt over it. These are your railing posts.

  • Screw a bracket on each post.

  • Finish the railing buy screwing the other end of the brackets (attached to the posts) into the remaining lumber. The remaining lumber will be your railing bars. You'll repeat this process 4 times until the railing is complete.

Tips & Warnings

  • This article builds a hand railing that is 18 feet long. You can extend or shorten the railing by adding or subtracting more lumber. Each section requires 2 pieces of 4 inch by 6 foot lumber.

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  • Photo Credit wooden steps image by Aaron Kohr from
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