How to Replace the Power Steering Pump in a 1999 Toyota Camry


The 1999 Toyota Camry is available with either a four- or six-cylinder engine. Features on this model include air bags, power brakes and hydraulic-assisted power steering. The power steering mechanism on this model uses a power steering pump that is operated by belt from the engine. A failing power steering pump may leak fluid, become noisy, or fail to move the steering rack. In many cases, you'll have to replace the pump to repair the powering steering.

Things You'll Need

  • Fluid pump
  • Catch pan
  • Floor jack
  • Jack stands
  • Breaker bar
  • 21 mm socket
  • Ratchet
  • 10 mm socket
  • Pliers
  • Metric wrenches
  • Torque wrench
  • Power steering fluid

Pump Removal

  • Remove the fluid in the power steering fluid reservoir using the fluid pump. Position the catch pan directly below the power steering pump located on the passenger side of the vehicle near the bottom of the engine.

  • Raise the front of the vehicle using the floor jack and secure with the jack stands. Remove the front right wheel using the breaker bar and 21 mm socket to loosen the lug nuts.

  • Remove the front fender access panel located near the engine in the front passenger wheel well. Use a 10 mm socket and ratchet to loosen the two bolts holding the apron in place.

  • Release the return hose from the power steering pump, using pliers to slide the clamp away from the pump.

  • Remove the pressure hose from the pump by loosening the union bolt located on the top of the pump with a metric wrench.

  • Loosen the adjuster bolt to remove the drive belt from the pump with a metric wrench. Remove the pivot bolt and the remaining two pump mounting bolts using the ratchet and socket. Pull the pump away from the engine to complete the removal process.

Pump Installation

  • Position the steering pump and install the two mounting bolts and the pivot bolt. Use the torque wrench to tighten the mounting and pivot bolts to 32 ft.-lbs. of torque.

  • Replace the pressure hose and reinstall the banjo bolt. Torque the banjo bolt to 38 ft.-lbs. of torque.

  • Attach the return line to the steering pump and return the hose clamp to secure the line with the assistance of pliers.

  • Route the drive belt over the power steering pump pulley and tighten the belt adjuster with a metric wrench.

  • Replace the front fender apron and tighten the two mounting bolts to secure it to the fender well. Fill the power steering fluid reservoir with new clean fluid to the cold level mark. Remove the catch pan from under the vehicle.

  • Replace the front wheel and secure with the lug nuts. Use the floor jack to safely lower the vehicle. Torque the front wheel lug nuts to 90 foot pounds with the torque wrench.

Tips & Warnings

  • Always check the torque on wheel lugs after 100 miles of driving.
  • Verify the Camry is safely supported before performing work under the car.

Related Searches


  • * "Toyota Camry Automotive Repair Manual;" Robert Maddox; 2000
  • Photo Credit steering wheel image by BaSSaBaS from
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