How to Make a Pond Edging

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Pond edging provides a barrier between the pond water and the edge of the ground soil, preventing dirt from washing into the pond by creating a border made of rocks. The weight of the rocks compresses the soil beneath and secures the sides of the pond. This promotes a consistent water level that helps protect the health of your aquatic plants and other life. A pond edging also makes caring for aquatic plants and animals easier by allowing you to approach the edge of the water without disrupting the ground at the water's edge.

Things You'll Need

  • Shovel
  • Plastic or rubber lining
  • Large, flat flagstones
  • Determine the depth and width of your pond edging by laying your chosen size flagstone in a complete circle around the top of the hole for the pond so that you avoid using partial stone pieces to fill a gap. Use a shovel to make a mark in the grass at the outer edge of the rocks where you will begin digging the edging. Make another mark on the inside of the pond's hole the approximate depth of the flagstones so that you create the dimensions of the edging shelf.

  • Cut out a flat shelf using your marks and lay the outer edges of the pond lining over the entire, circular lip. Lay each stone directly up against one another, on top of the lining, around the exterior of the pond and gently push them down so that they create a shallow indentation into the soil beneath the lining.

  • Fill the gaps between the stones with some of the soil excavated from the pond's hole. Moisten the soil to pack a large amount of it easily into each crevice. Pack the dirt by pushing down firmly with your hand to prevent the flagstones from moving and keep rain water from running freely between the rocks.

  • Lay a second layer of flagstone on top of the first layer of packed stone. Put the center of each flagstone over the adjoining seams of the bottoms stones so the rock wall has increased stability.

  • Finish the edging by creating an extension for walking by lining the pond's double layer flagstone edging with an additional ring of stone. The double layer of stone immediately surrounding the water will not be as supportive to human weight as a single layer supported by the ground.

  • Secure the second layer of stone into the ground by walking over each piece. If the ground is dry and you notice that the flagstones are not slightly penetrating the dirt, lightly moisten the dirt and then walk on the stone wall around the perimeter of the pond.

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