The pecan tree is the state tree of Texas. Some varieties of the pecan tree include Elliott, Stuart, Mohawk, Mahan, Cheyenne and Gloria Grande. Pecan trees grow best in the southern United States, but can be grown in zones 6 to 9. They thrive in these regions due to a long and hot growing season. The tree bears sweet edible nuts that are approximately 1 to 2 inches long. A pecan tree can only produce nuts, however, if it is cross pollinated.
Things You'll Need
- Pecan tree
- Aluminum foil
Choose a space to plant your pecan tree. Due to their large size, they can grow to 150 feet tall at maturity, you will need to space the trees at least 35 feet apart. The spot that you choose should also receive full sun.
Transplant the pecan trees in the winter, usually between December and March for bare rooted trees. However, if you have a container pecan tree that has already been placed in soil, you can plant as late as June.
Examine the root system of the pecan tree and dig a large enough hold to encompass the roots. The hole should be large enough to place the roots in a spread position and deep enough that the buds of the pecan tree will start approximately 4 inches above the soil. The taproot of the pecan tree should sit firmly on the bottom of the hole. For many starter pecan trees, the hole will be approximately 3-by-3 feet wide and 3 feet deep.
Use the same soil that came out of the hole to pack around the roots of the pecan tree. Ideally, pack soil in 2 to 3-inch layers. You should not place fertilizer in the soil when planting since it can burn the roots. The roots should be bare with any lining removed.
Water the pecan tree with five gallons of water immediately after transplanting. Pecan trees require a lot of water, especially during the growing season between April and September.
Place foil around the base of the pecan tree. About 18 inches of foil should be applied to the trunk in order to protect it from sun scalding and pests.
Fertilize the tree by using a 2-pound application of ammonium sulfate or ammonium Nitrate. Ideally, apply the fertilizer in June after leaves have started to appear.