How to Clean a Wood Pellet Stove

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If you are using a wood pellet stove to heat your home, it is important that you keep it clean to ensure optimal heating as well as safe operation of the unit. Depending on how much you use your wood pellet stove, basic cleaning should be done a couple of times each week and a more thorough clean out should be done a few times each heating season.

Things You'll Need

  • Stove pipe brush
  • Shop vac

Basic Cleaning

  • Remove all ash from the burn pot and the front portion of the wood pellet stove which houses the burn pot.

  • Use the cleaning tool that came with your wood pellet stove and scrape the burn pot to remove any built up hard carbon deposits. If you do not have a cleaning tool, you could also use a putty knife or a wire brush.

  • Clear the exchanger tube of carbon deposits by pulling out and pushing in the lever in the front or on top of the wood pellet stove several times.

  • Vacuum out the front of the pellet stove that holds the burn pot to remove any remaining ash. This is most easily done using a shop vac.

  • Wash the glass windows on the front of the wood pellet stove using a standard window cleaner.

Thorough Clean Out

  • Clear all fly ash from the stove pipe using a stove pipe brush. If there is a T-connection in your stove pipe, outside of your home, open the clean out door and remove all ash.

  • Clean the blower motor and fan using a small paint brush to remove all dirt build up.

  • Inspect the gaskets around the door of the wood pellet stove. Clean any residue from gaskets and replace them if they are worn out.

Tips & Warnings

  • If possible, use a long hose on the shop vac and place the vacuum outside of your house to avoid ash blowing around your home.
  • You should do a thorough clean out of your wood pellet stove before the heating season begins, a couple of times during and then again at the end of the heating season.
  • Remove any unused wood pellets from the stove hopper at the end of the heating season to avoid corrosion.
  • It is best to clean your wood pellet stove when it is completely cooled. If you are cleaning when there is hot ash in the stove, the ash should be placed into an appropriate ash bucket and brought outside immediately.
  • Unplug the appliance when cleaning, especially if you will be using water. Allow the unit to dry completely before plugging it back in.

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