Artistic expression has evolved through the ages of human civilization based on the tools we have at hand. Ten thousand years ago our ancestors painted on cave walls with natural pigments. Early Mediterranean peoples in Crete painted frescoes on the walls of their palaces. The development of art has progressed throughout the course of human history. The advent of computers and software art programs has simply created yet another set of canvases and tools through which artists can express themselves.
According for the Centre for Digital Media in Canada, "media experiences made possible by the advent of primarily computer-mediated digital technologies" belong to category of media experiences known as Digital Media. In other words, Digital Media includes any picture, music file, video game or website produced using computerized or digital technology.
Works of Art which are created using computerized or digital technologies also belong to the Digital Media family. This Digital Media Art, or Digital Art as it is commonly called, presents itself everywhere in our society. The clip art used in printed fliers, the emergence of digital photography and the development of photopainting all serve as examples of Digital Art.
According to the digital artist behind WithDigitalEyes, digital art falls into three formats: Digital photography, digital painting and fractals. Digital Photography involves the use of photographs, whether digital or from film, and computerized technology. "The artist uses image editing and special effects software to perform darkroom type manipulations." Photopainting represents another form of Digital Photography, one that involves using painting software that allows the artist to infuse the picture with additional artistic expression.
Works of art created completely within the bounds of computerized digital technology and image editing or painting software represent works of Digital Painting, the second main format of Digital Art. Images produced wholly within the computer environment may present as either two-dimensional or three-dimensional pictures, depending on the artist's intent. According to SurrealPixelStudo, this form of art includes "hand-illustrated artwork which has been created by drawing brushstrokes with a pressure sensitive pen onto an electronic canvas, called a tablet."
The third main form of digital art involves the use of mathematical algorithms to create fractal images involving repeating patterns of geometric shapes. According to Fractalus, a FractalArt FAQ website, Fractal art "seeks to reflect and emphasize the eternal expressions of order and chaos that permeates Nature's structures and behaviors as well as the intricacies of humanity through the use of self-similar patterns and shapes."
- Photo Credit Fractal de Hyperjulia image by Mille from Fotolia.com