Pork Roast Cooking Times Per Pound

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Cooking a pork roast isn't an exact science. How long it needs in the oven depends on its makeup -- the more fat it has, the longer it needs. If a roast is bone-in, this also shortens the cooking time. The shape of the roast further influences the time it takes; flatter cuts just need less time because more surface area is exposed to the heat.

Ultimately, you'll need to use a meat thermometer to reliably determine the doneness of your pork. A measurement of 145 F is considered safe for consumption by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. This temperature leaves the meat slightly pink and tender, or medium-rare, but you can cook it to a higher temperature of 160 F if you prefer a more well-done piece of pork.

Pork should rest for 3 minutes after cooking and before serving. During this rest, large roasts will increase in temperature by about 10 degrees. You should still remove pork only when it's reached a temperature of 145 to 160 F, though.

Roasted

The following cuts are usually roasted in a 350 F oven, uncovered, in a shallow pan, notes the National Pork Board website.

  • Cut: Minutes per pound
  • Boneless:
  • New York top loin or sirloin pork roast, 2 pounds: 26 to 28 
  • New York top loin or sirloin, 3 to 5 pounds: 20 to 25
  • Bone in:
  • Sirloin pork roast: 25 to 40
  • Pork crown roast: 12 to 15

Braising

Braise the following shoulder cuts to get the tenderest results. Braising requires liquid in the pan that comes 1/4 to 1/3 up the sides of the roast. Sear the roast first to crisp up the exterior and seal in any juices.

  • Cut: Minutes per pound
  • Arm or picnic roast, 3-4 pounds: 30 to 33
  • Arm or picnic roast, 5-6 pounds: 26 to 29
  • Blade or Boston roast, 3 to 6 pounds: 36 to 40

Barbecuing

Barbecuing involves cooking the roast over low, indirect heat. These cooking times are for a consistent temperature of approximately 325 F.

  • Cut: Minutes per pound
  • Boneless:
  • New York top loin, 2 pounds: 20 to 26
  • New York top loin, 3 to 5 pounds: 12 to 15
  • Pork loin, center cut, 2 pounds: 20 to 26
  • Pork loin, center cut, 3 to 5 pounds: 12 to 15
  • Sirloin pork roast, 2 pounds: 20 to 26
  • Sirloin pork roast, 3 to 5 pounds: 12 to 15
  • Bone in:
  • Ribeye, center rib, 2 pounds: 14 to 17
  • Shoulder, blade, roast, 3 to 4 pounds: 45 to 75
  • Shoulder, blade, roast, 5 to 6 pounds: 30 to 45
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