Step-by-Step Weaving on a Loom


Weaving is done by lacing horizontal weft threads through vertical warp threads that are strung onto a weaving loom to hold them taut. The most basic loom is a simple frame, much like a picture frame, which the warp threads are wrapped around. The frame loom holds the weaving in place, so that you can weave as long as you like and set the weaving aside for later. This kind of loom is perfect for home weaving, and depending on the size of the frame, you can make floor rugs, blankets and tapestries, or place mats and coasters.

Things You'll Need

  • Frame loom
  • Thread
  • Scissors
  • Needle

Warping the Loom

  • Check if the loom you are using has notches or pegs for the warp thread. Both are common.

  • Tie the end of a reel of strong thread around the frame of the loom at the first warp notch, if the loom is notched. Start at the bottom left. Pull the thread up to the matching warp notch, then wind the thread around the back of the frame and bring it around at the second notch on the bottom of the frame. Continue winding the thread around the loom, tying it off on the frame once warped.

  • Tie the end of a reel of strong thread around the first peg on the bottom left if the loom has pegs. Pull the thread up to the matching peg, then pull it across to the second peg at the top, wrap it around the peg and pull it down to the second peg on the bottom of the frame. Continue this way until all the loom is warped and tie off the thread onto the last warp peg.

Weaving the Weft

  • Cut a piece of thread about five to six times the width of the loom, or as much as you are comfortable working with at a time. Tie the end to the warp thread on the far bottom left of the loom.

  • Put the tip of the needle under the next warp thread to the right, then over the next. Continue the under-over pattern until you come to the other side of the loom.

  • Turn the needle around the last warp thread. Put it under the next warp thread if the first row went over it, or over the next warp thread if the first row went under it. This way, all the second row of weft threads will be woven on in the opposite under-over pattern to the first row.

  • Continue in this way until you have completed the weaving, then tie off the weft thread to the last warp thread. Cut the loops of warp thread between the warp pegs or on the frame, then tie them off in twos to secure the weaving. You can leave the ends on for a fringe or trimmed back.

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  • Photo Credit Hemera Technologies/ Images
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