How to Sew Vinyl Fabric


Vinyl is a fabric made from a combination of synthetic materials. The surface of vinyl is reminiscent of patent leather. A vinyl often used in garment making, Patent Vinyl Cloth (PVC), has a surface that is both slick and shiny. It is used for outerwear as well as intimate apparel. The back or wrong side of most vinyl fabric is covered with a stretch knit backing that is either white or black. The backing makes PVC a comfortable fabric to wear.

Things You'll Need

  • Vinyl pattern pieces
  • Straight pins
  • Sewing machine
  • Thread
  • Scissors
  • Line the edges of the pre-cut vinyl pattern pieces. Place the first pattern piece with the lining is facing down. Flip the second piece over, so that the lining is showing on top. The lined sides should be facing each other. Match the edges of the vinyl pattern pieces. Pin the two pieces together 1/4 inch from the edge. This prevents holes from being seen in the completed item.

  • Set the sewing machine to its largest stitch. This setting is a basting stitch setting.

  • Place the pinned vinyl pattern pieces under the pressure foot to create a 5/8-inch seam. Sew along the pattern edge, according the pattern's instructions. Do not tie off the beginning and ending of the seam. When sewing a seam on fabric, the beginning and ending of a seam is usually tied off by stitching both forward and backward for approximately 1/8 inch. This is not done when sewing vinyl.

  • Remove the pins from the seam. Trim all threads. Finger press the seam open. Do not iron.

  • Repeat Steps 2 through 4 to complete the garment or vinyl item.

Tips & Warnings

  • Do not stretch the vinyl during the stitching process. Keep each piece flat and smooth.

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