How to Identify Parts of a Sewing Machine


Familiarize yourself with the parts and function of your sewing machine to get the most from it and to be able to use it correctly and safely. It is important to know where the various parts of the machine are. This knowledge enables you to keep the machine properly cleaned and maintained for years of service.

Things You'll Need

  • Sewing machine model manual or parts manual
  • Set up the sewing machine on a worktable in a well-lit area. Take out the instruction or parts manual to have for reference.

  • Open your manual to the illustration that lists and labels the parts of your particular make and model of sewing machine. Look at the front of your sewing machine and use the diagram as your guide to locate the stitch width and length regulators. You turn the dials or select buttons for computer programming to choose stitches for your projects

  • Locate the built-in storage area on your sewing machine. Notice that it contains extra attachments for your sewing needs. The compartment will also hold needles, empty bobbins, supplies and oil to maintain your machine.

  • Look to the right side of your sewing machine to locate your electrical connection, power switch and cord hook-up that supports the foot control. Note the balance wheel that manually moves the needle up and down.

  • View the area where the needle is located. Refer to your manual illustration to help you locate the presser foot lifter, feed dogs, presser foot, needle, and throat plate. Check for the thread guide, spool holder, upper tension regulator, spool pin and bobbin winder. Locate the bobbin case, which is located at the side or under the feed dog area. An interior machine diagram will show the internal parts of the sewing machine, including shafts, belts and motor components.

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