The Parts of a Lamp Shade


Lampshade parts include a spider, fitter and a harp and finial. These parts work together to affix the lampshade to the lamp base. The outside of a lampshade can be made of fabric, glass, metal or paper.


  • Lampshades sit on a lamp base or chandelier, diffusing the light that emits from the bulb.


  • If a lampshade is made of fabric or paper, the material is held in place by a metal frame. Glass or metal shades do not require this support.


  • The spider attaches to the inside top rim of the lamp shade and connects to the lamp base either with a harp and finial, a clip that slides directly over the light bulb, or an uno fitter, which screws onto threads on the lamp's socket.


  • A spider fitting requires the use of a harp, a U-shaped piece of metal with a screw on the top. This screw allows the harp to slide through the opening in the spider, and a finial is screwed onto the top, securing the lampshade in place.


  • Lampshades and lamp bases must have the same kind of fitter to work properly together.

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  • Photo Credit Image by, courtesy of Kevin Dooley
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