Different Types of Apple Trees

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Apple trees are grown on a variety of trees due to years of cross pollinations.
Apple trees are grown on a variety of trees due to years of cross pollinations. (Image: Kathy Collins/Stockbyte/Getty Images)

There are a large variety of apple trees from which to choose if you are thinking of planting one. They have been cross pollinated over the years to develop different flavors as well as more hardy trees. Among the many kinds of apples are some more popular types that are best for eating and cooking, or are capable of cross pollinating with other varieties.

Dwarf Red Fuji

Dwarf Red Fuji trees offer red crisp sweet apples that are also good for baking. The apples ripen in October. Dwarf Fuji trees are best grown in zones 6 through 9 and reach heights of about 15 feet. They like at least partial shade and tolerate various soils. You will need to prune the limbs often to maintain good fruit production.

Granny Smith

Granny Smith apples are a popular variety and produce green fruit that is crisp and slightly sour. For those that like a tart apple, these are one of the best tasting. Because of their crispness and tart taste, Granny Smiths also do very well when cooked. The trees are best grown in zones 6 through 8. Pruning is required to keep up fruit production.

Golden Delicious

Golden Delicious apples are yellow in color as their name implies. The trees are grown all over the country and are fairly resistant to fire blight and scab. The flowers on golden delicious pop out in the spring, and the apples develop in September. The fruit is large and crunchy when it is first picked, but will mellow if not eaten within a few weeks. Golden trees must be kept pruned to keep the apples being produced at optimum levels.

Crabapples

Crabapples are apple trees that produce a small fruit that is less than 2 inches in diameter. The small apples can be used for in jellies and other food processes, but normally aren’t. The trees give off beautiful pink blooms in the spring and provide fruit in the summer and fall seasons. The varieties of crabapples range in height from a short eight feet to upwards of 40 feet; however the average height is about 20 feet. It is best if they are planted in mildly acidic dirt and get at least eight hours of sunlight.

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