Names of Fertilizers for Grasses or Plants

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Fertilizers supply plants and lawns with necessary nutrients.
Fertilizers supply plants and lawns with necessary nutrients. (Image: Green Grass image by EastCoastPhoto from Fotolia.com)

Lawns and ornamental plants improve the appearance of your yard and provide a welcoming landscape. Keeping these plants healthy requires adequate amounts of light and water, as well as suitable climates. Another consideration for healthy plants involves the availability of nutrients in the soil. Treating poor or depleted soils with a fertilizer can improve the health of your grass and landscape plants. Many commercial treatments contain several types of basic fertilizers in varying amounts.

Urea

With 46 percent nitrogen, this type of fertilizer acts quickly to improve the health of lawn grasses. Available as a dry fertilizer, urea quickly dissolves in water, supplying the soil in your lawn with an abundance of nitrogen.

Ammonium Sulfate

This product contains 21 percent nitrogen and supplies valuable nutrients for lawns and plants with heavy foliage. This substance is good for soils that have existing pH levels above 7.0 and can improve soils with sulfur deficiencies.

Calcium Nitrate

With 16 percent total nitrogen, calcium nitrate may lose much of its potency shortly after application. This type of fertilizer provides a soluble source of calcium and is useful in boosting the health of fruit and vegetable plants.

Chelated Iron

This type of fertilizer can improve the amount of iron in the soil by itself or as part of a mixed fertilizer. Plants that often suffer from iron deficiencies, such as azaleas, rhododendrons and sweetgum, can thrive and flourish with regular applications of this type of fertilizer.

Polyphosphate

This liquid fertilizer undergoes a conversion in your garden soil. With the addition of water, polyphosphate fertilizer converts to orthophosphates. This action can help make soil micro-nutrients available for plants to absorb. This type of fertilizer can improve the health of your lawn grasses and landscape plants.

Potassium Nitrate

Although this fertilizer may contain too much potassium for use in lawn grasses, its chemical composition can help improve the health of many types of plants, including leafy vegetables and fruits. The low salt index in this fertilizer also makes it a suitable treatment for celery, tomatoes and potatoes.

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