Dormant Spray Schedule for Fruit Trees

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Dormant sprays are an important part of growing healthy fruit trees.
Dormant sprays are an important part of growing healthy fruit trees. (Image: fruit-tree image by Yuriy Chertok from Fotolia.com)

Dormant sprays are an important part of maintaining healthy fruit trees and should be applied yearly to protect your trees. While most types of sprays are meant to be used during the growing season after problems begin, dormant sprays are applied during the winter months and are meant to prevent the problems from occurring in the first place.

Types of Dormant Sprays

Dormant sprays are a group of pesticides that control either insects or diseases. Dormant oils control insect pests by creating a thin oily coating on the dormant branches that smothers overwintering adult pests and their eggs. Copper sprays control diseases and are used at different rates for the dormant season and for the growing season. Dormant rates for copper sprays are much heavier than growing season rates, which makes them more effective in the dormant season. You can mix the two types of sprays together, and they sometimes come pre-mixed.

Many fruit tree diseases and insects can be controlled with different types of dormant sprays.
Many fruit tree diseases and insects can be controlled with different types of dormant sprays. (Image: apple tree, close-up image by kuhar from Fotolia.com)

Trees That Benefit From Dormant Sprays

Treatment of fruit trees is the most common use for dormant sprays, although other disease-prone trees and shrubs, such as dogwood trees and roses, can benefit from yearly spraying. Only trees that completely lose their foliage and go dormant during the winter months should receive dormant spray treatments. Look for signs of disease or insect damage during the growing season to identify dormant spray candidates for the next winter. Trees that are normally disease prone, such as peaches and cherries, will benefit from being sprayed every year.

Dormant sprays are most often applied to fruit trees, but they can be used on other trees and shrubs.
Dormant sprays are most often applied to fruit trees, but they can be used on other trees and shrubs. (Image: avocado fruits on a wild avocado tree image by Lars Lachmann from Fotolia.com)

The Dormant Spray Window

The dormant spray window is the time from late fall through late winter, after the foliage has fallen off, but before the buds begin to swell again in the spring. Applying dormant spray to trees that are actively growing or beginning to flower can affect the production of fruit by damaging the emerging flowers or disrupting pollinators in the area. Also, applications during below-freezing temperatures can cause damage to the bark, especially if it is thin or delicate.

Do not apply dormant sprays after the buds begin to break.
Do not apply dormant sprays after the buds begin to break. (Image: aple tree springtime buds image by Rybaev from Fotolia.com)

Dormant Spray Schedules

Apply dormant sprays at least two to three times during the dormant spray window, at four- to six-week intervals. You may begin applying dormant spray as soon as the leaves drop in the fall, which gives you time for three to four spray intervals before the buds begin to swell. At the very least, you should spray twice during the dormant season. Spraying only once or twice is still better than not spraying at all, but three times is ideal.

Make two to three dormant spray applications during the dormant season.
Make two to three dormant spray applications during the dormant season. (Image: fruit orchard image by Gale Distler from Fotolia.com)

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