Making Chocolate From Cocoa Powder

Homemade fudge is easy to make with cocoa powder and some basic baking supplies.
Homemade fudge is easy to make with cocoa powder and some basic baking supplies. (Image: chocolate image by Zbigniew Nowak from

Natural, unsweetened cocoa powder is the least processed, most flavorful and healthiest form of chocolate. It has no sugar, no fat and a very bitter taste. Turning cocoa powder into chocolate fudge is a simple process involving the addition of sugar, dairy and flavorings, followed by melting the ingredients either on a stove-top or in the microwave. Its intense chocolate flavor and dark color is also well-suited to cookies and brownies.

Things You'll Need

  • 2/3 cup natural, unsweetened cocoa powder
  • 1 cup powdered sugar
  • 1/4 tsp. salt
  • 1/2 cup + 1 tsp. softened butter (hold 1 tsp. in reserve)
  • 1/4 cup whole milk
  • 2 tsp. vanilla
  • 1 quart microwave-safe glass bowl
  • 1 9-by-9-inch foil pan

Video of the Day

Sift together the cocoa powder, sugar and salt, then add them to the butter, milk and vanilla in a microwave-safe glass bowl. Set aside 1 tsp. of butter for later use.

Microwave the fudge mixture on high for two minutes, then stir it. The batter should be a thick liquid so, if necessary, put it back in the microwave for an additional one to two minutes to reach that consistency.

Spread the reserved 1 tsp. of butter evenly in a 9-by-9-inch pan, then pour the batter into the pan.

Refrigerate the fudge for at least 90 minutes before serving it.

Tips & Warnings

  • Make variations on plain fudge by mixing nuts, peanut butter chips, butterscotch chips or dried fruit into the batter before pouring it into the pan.
  • Because of the differences between natural, unsweetened cocoa and Dutch-processed cocoa, do not substitute one for the other in recipes.
  • The glass bowl will be hot after you microwave it, so use potholders to protect your hands.


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