How to Plant Pecan Trees in Virginia

No pecan pies without pecan trees
No pecan pies without pecan trees (Image: pecan pie close up image by Allen Penton from

Pecan trees have a rich history in America, particularly in Virginia, where they were grown at Mount Vernon in the 1700s. These trees can reward you with countless nutritious nuts, just 6 to 7 years from planting. Virginia is a fine place to grow pecan cultivars that are hardy for Zones 5a to 8a. Plant them where they'll get full sun, give them plenty of space and moisture and watch them take off like a rocket.

Things You'll Need

  • Pecan seedlings
  • Shovel
  • Lime
  • Bucket
  • Water

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Buy pecan seedlings for planting in February, which will give the young trees plenty of time to establish roots before the tree comes out of its dormant state and Virginia's growing season begins in earnest. Plan to plant trees 30 to 50 feet apart, and well away from buildings or sidewalks.

Dig a hole deep enough to accommodate the root ball of the pecan seedling, and about six inches wider on all sides. Pecan trees prefer a more alkaline soil than you typically find in Virginia, so amend with lime, carefully following the instructions on the package. Aim for a soil pH of 5.0 to 6.0.

Fill a 5-gallon bucket with water and pour half of it in the hole to help ease transplant shock to the pecan's roots. Set the tree carefully in the hole. Stand back and check to see that the tree is straight. Adjust if necessary.

Fill in the sides with dirt, pressing it down firmly to eliminate air spaces around the roots. Refill the bucket and pour the whole thing around the base of the tree to water it in.

Fertilize immediately after planting with a tree fertilizer rich in zinc, another element pecans need that doesn't occur in sufficient quantities in Virginia. Water thoroughly afterward, and continue watering once a week for the first year to help the tree get firmly established.

Lay down a circle of mulch three feet in diameter around the base of the pecan seedling. The mulch will help hold moisture and reduce competition from weeds, but don't let it touch the trunk of the tree or it will cause bark rot.

Tips & Warnings

  • Avoid planting pecan trees near a house. A seedling can grow to 100 feet or more.
  • Don't plant pecans where the water table is above the root zone (4 to 5 feet). Pecans will not flourish if the roots stand in water.


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