Peat moss is a generic term referring to several species of sphagnum moss. Peat moss thrives in moist, shady, low PH environments, such as in bogs and swamps throughout temperate climates. Sphagnum moss is used commercially as a fertilizer because of its ability to absorb and retain water like a sponge. Growing peat moss requires transplanting parts of a live sphagnum moss clump into a controlled environment that will facilitate the successful reproduction of moss spores.
Things You'll Need
- Live sphagnum moss
- Container or hole
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Trim the top 3 inches off a live sphagnum moss clump. The top 3 inches is the most productive section and yields the best reproductive success.
Pull apart the peat moss clump into small pieces approximately 1 inch in diameter.
Find a shady area for a large potting container or a place to dig a hole. The best option is to dig a hole for the large container to rest in.
Size the container or hole for the amount of peat moss you want to grow. One square foot of starter moss will yield 10 square feet of new moss growth.
Place top soil or compost into the container or hole. Leave several inches from the base of the soil to the rim of the container or hole.
Seed the soil by placing the small moss clumps in a dense concentration in the middle of the container.
Place 1/4 of fertilizer over the moss. Fertilizer enhances initial growth of the start peat moss.
Water regularly. Keep the peat moss wet to the touch and occasionally flood the container such that water slightly covers the moss.