Rich in potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus, grass clippings make an excellent fertilizer for gardens and lawns, and they're free. As grass clippings break down and decompose, they also provide nourishment to helpful soil bacteria, keeping your garden beautiful and strong. If your lawn suffers from dead or discolored patches, powdery growth or rotting grass, it's likely diseased, and you shouldn't use the clippings until you've addressed the disease problem.
Collecting Grass Clippings
Grass clippings provide a steady supply of garden fertilizer throughout the growing season, when a healthy lawn may need mowing more than once a week. Always cut the grass with a sharp blade and never remove more than a third of its length at one time. Warm-season grasses should be kept at a height of 3/4 to 1 inch, while cool-season grasses thrive when they're 2 to 3 inches tall.
Mulching With Grass Clippings
Use freshly cut grass clippings as a convenient, nutrient-rich mulch for your garden. The mulch fights weeds, preserves soil's moisture level, regulates its temperature, diminishes compaction and as it decomposes, provides nutrients to your plants. Spread clippings directly around the bases of trees and other plants, encircling them in a layer of grass. Avoid piling the grass up against plant trunks and stems, and ensure that the clippings are no more than 2 inches thick as they tend to mat together, obstructing the flow of air and water to the soil and producing an unpleasant odor.
Composting Grass Clippings
Add grass clippings to your compost pile and use the compost as garden fertilizer. The clippings add nutrients to the compost, but must be mixed with other garden or lawn waste, such as shredded leaves or soil, prior to composting, or they may generate unpleasant odors. According to a composting FAQ page published by the University of Missouri Extension, if your lawn has been treated with pesticides, you can still compost your clippings sooner or later, depending on the types of chemicals that were used: Clippings from a lawn that's been treated with insecticides that are registered for use in the home landscape may be added to the compost pile within one week following application, whereas clippings that have been treated with fungicides shouldn't be added for a minimum of one week. Clippings from grass that's been treated with a herbicide should be left on the lawn for two to three mowings prior to composting.
Adding Grass Clippings to Soil
Blend 2 to 3 inches' worth of grass clippings 6 to 12 inches deep into your garden's soil. As the clippings are absorbed into the soil, they'll release nitrogen and other nutrients. Avoid using clippings that contain lots of weeds and weed seeds; otherwise the seeds will germinate and weeds will erupt in your garden.