There are hundreds of species of passion flower, according to "Pahgat’s Garden." These include the blue crown passion flower (Passiflora caerula) and the maypop (Passiflora incarnata), which grows wild in many areas of the southern United States.
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The passion flower was named by Christian missionaries in the early 1500s, according to "The Garden Helper."
The passion flower’s components are said to symbolize the story of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, according to the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. The crucifixion story is sometimes referred to as “the Passion.”
The five petals and five sepals of the passion flower represent ten of Jesus’ disciples (all but Judas who betrayed Jesus and Peter who denied knowing Jesus), according to "Pahgat’s Garden."
Stamens and Stigmas
The five stamens of the passion flower represent the wounds on Jesus’ hands, feet and head, while the pistil stigmas, with their knob-like heads, represent nails, according to the Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center.
The fringe of the passion flower represents the crown of thorns Jesus wore, according to the Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center.