What Kind of Plants Grow in Water?

The garden pond is growing in popularity. The attraction has grown with the aquatic plants available. There are reeds, lilies and lotus offered for the backyard water garden. The sound of the water and the beauty of the flowers add to the tranquil setting of the water pond. There are many varieties of water plants to choose from. Each one offers something special to the aquatic environment.

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Water Lillies

Plant these flowering beauties in larger pots, 6 to 8 inches, for proper growth. Cover the soil with pebbles, gravel or sand. Place the pot 4 to 6 inches below the water surface. The larger the plant grows, the lower to the bottom of the pond it can go.


The Louisiana iris acts as a natural filter system to the water garden. The exotic look of the plant adds to its attractiveness. Plant in 4- to 6-inch pots. Weight the pots down with pebbles or sand. Keep in the shallow end of the pond.


The aromatic lotus is one of the most desirable of all the water plants. It is not hard to grow if the gardener understands a few basics. The lotus flower loves warm temperatures. The tubers should be planted in shallow pans instead of pots. The water depth is anywhere from 4 to 10 inches, depending on the size of the plant.

Arrow Arum

Arum is considered a bog plant. This means the plant will do well on the edges of the water garden or pond. The arrow arum is a hearty perennial. This is one plant that will thrive in the sun or shade. Although arum will flower in the spring, the attraction is the beautiful foliage of the leaves.

Common Cattail

The cattail is the plant most associated with ponds and water plants. The common cattail does not need to be potted unless the gardener chooses to do so. These prolific plants do well in deep water or shallow. The cattails add striking contrast and a gorgeous backdrop to the flowering aquatic plants available.


Horsetail is considered a weed by some people. The water gardener may find the peculiar history of this plant (traced back to the age of the dinosaur) enough of an attraction to warrant a place in the pond. Horsetail can be contained by planting in a deep pot with a topper. The tubers should be planted in 6 inches of soil or more. Once the plant emerges, the top of the pot can be cut out, to allow for the growth, and secured to the pot. This will keep the tubers from spreading.

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