Simple in design, yet elegant, the Ohio Star quilt block pattern has been in use since the early 1800s, surged in popularity in the 1930s and is discovered by each new generation of quilters and quilt enthusiasts.
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Ohio Star blocks are recognized by their three rows of squares: a top and bottom row comprised of a square of fabric, a middle square made up of quarter-cut triangles, and another square. The middle row is made up of a quarter-cut triangle square, a square and another quarter-cut triangle square. When sewn together, they create a star shape.
The Ohio Star quilt block pattern, like most traditional patchwork quilt patterns, grew from an undocumented origin and evolved over time to become a standard design today. Ohio Star patterns also have many adaptations, including using a diamond within the center square and infinite color combinations. Some of the earliest Ohio Star quilts created solid stars on light colored backgrounds.
Ohio Star quilts have been dated back to the early 1800s. The Michigan State University Quilt Project collection includes a large quilt made entirely of Ohio Stars from the 1870s.
Ohio Stars, like other patchwork patterns, gained popularity from the ability to create them using scraps of fabrics. The Ohio Star quilt block appeared regularly in Depression era and post-Depression quilts of the 1930s. It was a popular pattern among Scottish and Irish immigrants in the Midwest and frequently used by Amish quilters.
As quilting experienced a contemporary renaissance in the 1980s, the Ohio Star pattern became popular as an easy pattern for novice quilters and for its adaptability in quilts using many types of patchwork blocks.