Very few wood-burning hobbyists, or pyrographers as they are known, construct their own wood-burning equipment. Many may make adjustments to personalize or customize their equipment. Experience with soldering tools and knowledge of soldering techniques are necessary to construct your own pyrography wood-burning tool. The entire task can be done in a few hours to allow time for the epoxy or urethane to fully dry between steps. The benefit of making your own wood-burner is to customize the tip to your desired width and length.
The Immortal series of subwoofers from Audiobahn car audio is designed for the car-audio competition environment. In addition to high-power capacity – 2,250 watts of continuous power -- the Immortal series has a specialized appearance as well. The subs are set in a 3-D die-cast aluminum case depicting flames – ideal for an American car-audio competition scene known for aftermarket systems that have as much visual appeal as sound quality. The installation process for Audiobahn Immortal subs doesn't differ from other subwoofers. A two-channel amp pushing 2,400 watts at 1 ohm provides sufficient power to take advantage of the Immortal…
Firefly lighting is an illumination technique in which a lantern is made to look like it has fireflies inside of it. The fireflies are simulated by miniature battery-operated lights that are positioned at different heights in the lantern and glow from the inside. You can complete this craft project to add a decorative touch to your backyard or an outdoor patio area; your firefly light can serve as the main illumination source or simply as accent lighting.
An audio mixer is an electronic circuit that combines audio signals from different sources, letting you adjust the relative loudness of each. It may have from two to 40 or more inputs, each with its own loudness knob. A device called an operational amplifier, or op amp, lies at the heart of the mixer. It adds the voltages from each input together and produces an output. Feeding the op amp is a set of potentiometers acting as volume faders for each input.
Sometimes landscaping equipment’s primary systems can outlive their engine’s normal lifespan, while heavy loads or poor maintenance can cause Vermeer MidSouth equipment’s engines to prematurely fail. Rather than replace the whole unit, many operators turn to aftermarket engine replacements. The Wisconsin Motor model V465D provides a 4-inch stroke from a gas-powered engine that may provide the horsepower needed to operate small Vermeer equipment. As with installation of any replacement motor, it’s essential to wire the new engine properly to supply its components with current from the alternator.
The power drop, or power lost in a cable, depends on the cable length, cable size and the current through the cable. Larger cables have less resistance and can therefore transmit more power without large losses. Losses in smaller cables remain low if the amount of power transmitted is small, or if the cable is not very long. Engineers have to design the power system so that the power loss in the cables is acceptable for the length of cable required to supply the load.
Your choice of speaker wire gauge depends on the amount of current you expect it to carry over a given distance. The more power that is required, the larger the wire should be. This thickness may be reduced if the distance shortens significantly. This basic electrical theory is called resistance, and its principles should govern your wire gauge choice when you're installing a subwoofer.
Connecting vintage gauges from RS Gauge Works to your Honda CRX instrument panel requires wiring the old-style connection to your new wiring harness. RS Gauge Works specializes in old-fashioned gauges for vintage vehicles like a 1948 Ford, but you can connect the new Honda CRX wiring to the old-style connectors on an RS Gauge. You will need to keep the wire connections and the printed circuit board for the stock gauges so that all of the electrical circuits have continuity. Only rewire those connections for which you have an RS gauge.
To dry clothing properly, a large amount of heat must be added to the chamber of a clothes dryer. To produce enough heat, the heating elements of an electric dryer must use thousands of watts of electrical power. Due to its power requirements, an electric dryer must be connected to the electrical service by wire that is thicker in diameter -- or larger in gauge -- than most electrical circuits in a typical household.
Electrical wiring codes specify the current-carrying limitations on different wire gauges. The limitations depend on the material used to manufacture the wire, the diameter of the wire and the insulation material covering the wire. The codes limit the amount of current the wires may carry to protect them from overheating and starting fires. Splicing different gauge wires is not specifically ruled out by wiring codes, but it is not considered best practice.
If you’re a remote control, or RC, car enthusiast, chances are you like your models to be as realistic as possible. Working headlamps add realism, but unless you have a rheostat fitted, the headlights on your RC model car are either on or off. As an RC enthusiast, you’re likely to have the simple items needed to build a headlamp voltage controller that you can wire between the headlamps and the battery in the car.
Automotive wiring is one of those seemingly black arts left only to the electronic necromancers of Mordor (aka "Detroit"), but it's actually pretty simple if you just remember to take everything one step at a time. Proper wiring starts with knowing how many amps you're dealing with and what the distances are like; from there, it's just picking a wire color you like, stripping some insulation and crimping a few connectors.
A cathodic protection (CP) system uses a rectifier to prevent corrosion. Cathodic protection systems protect pipes, steel rebar in sky scrapers, metal storage tanks and ships exposed to water from oxidation and rust. The positive terminal of the rectifier is connected to the anode header cable and the network of anodes on the protected surfaces. The rectifier is connected to the protected metal via a lead wire called a cathode cable. Increasing the wire gauge and number of strands in the wiring used with the CP rectifier increases its cost. However, a thicker wire gauge also lasts longer and is…
Electrical wire carries electric current from the electrical service box to the electrical outlets and lamps in a building. In a home, there may be several different gauges of wire that are used to carry current. For example, an electric stove requires more electric current to run than a table lamp; therefore, the wiring to an electric stove outlet will be of heavier gauge than the wiring to the outlet. Since household wiring can be made of either aluminum or copper – and since copper is a better electrical conductor than aluminum – the wire material is also a factor…
In an outboard motor, two things need watching: the temperature and the rpm. For an outboard motor, the temperature of concern is different from the that in the motor installed in your car. On an outboard, the temperature of the cylinder head needs to be monitored, not the temperature of the cooling water. Yamaha outboards are cooled by raw water, with a bypass valve that opens when the cylinder head reaches a preset temperature. There's an accommodation for an analog sensor -- a boss in the top of the No. 1 cylinder -- which permits the installation of a temperature…
The installation of twin outboard Evinrude engines on a larger boat calls for the need for two separate fuel gauges; one to monitor each fuel tank. Working fuel gauges are critical to have on board to be able to monitor when it is time to refuel. Installation fuel gauges involves mounting the gauge, wiring the gauges and then connecting the fuel sending units from both fuel tanks to each gauge. The process should take about one hour.
Over the years, Auto Meter has established itself as a manufacturer of quality, professional automotive gauges. Adding any Auto Meter gauge to your vehicle will help to ensure accurate and consistent readings from your car or truck. Installing an Auto Meter fuel gauge is an easy task once you have decided how and where to mount it. You can even use your stock fuel-level sender cable, so you will only need to connect four wires for your new gauge to begin working.
Wire size is expressed in the American Wire Gauge (AWG) system for standardized sizes in the United States and Canada. The wiring size dictates the amount of current that can be safely used in electrical applications. Wiring that is too small in diameter will short circuit electric appliances or can become too hot and cause a fire. Using an AWG wire gauge correctly helps you determine the size of wire.
The JCT-100 is an industrial junction box designed for use with the MEK-2300 smart rotating consistency transmitter. Because of the amount of voltage required by the junction box, extreme care should be used during the installation process. This junction box must be installed only in facilities where it is possible to remotely cut the power to it. Fortunately, the makers of the junction box have created an extremely detailed appendix with copious amounts of information on how to safely wire the device.
Wiring the gauges for multiple engines means connecting the instrument feed wires to the gauges. The instrument feed wires provide the data that the gauges interpret and display. Each motor has its own instrument feed wire that you will connect to the individual gauge. For night boating, the instruments must be lighted. Fortunately, you can connect the instruments in a chain, one to another. Each gauge must also have its own connection to the boat's ground, to complete the circuit that powers the gauge.
If you wish to install new gauges on your 2009 Volkswagen GTI, you may need to wire the gauge through the firewall. Although this is not necessary for all gauges, certain gauges such as the tachometer, fuel gauge or even a boost gauge will need to be hooked up to the engine to function properly. Thankfully, there is a simple modification that you can perform to your GTI that will allow you to wire the gauges through the vehicle's firewall.
Inventor Hans Orsted discovered the the electromagnet in 1820. Electromagnets create a temporary magnetic field using the flow of electrical current. The concept of the electromagnet has many applications, from scrap-metal lifters to audio speakers. Rudimentary electromagnets can be made from household items like a flashlight battery, a piece of wire and a paper clip.
Computer internal hardware operates and communicates with all sorts of electrical wiring. From power cables to data feed lines, wires proliferate inside the machine between all of the hardware. Most of the internal hardware comes pre-wired so it just needs to be plugged in when installed. However, you may find yourself wanting to patch a frayed wire instead of replacing a whole unit. In this case, knowing the wiring gauge can be very helpful.
When working with electricity in your home, not only should you address practical safety concerns, but you have a number of international building codes to consider to avoid issues with inspections, house sale and new wiring being added at a later date. Wire gauges, or sizes, are numbered according to thickness, the smaller the number the thicker the wire. Six gauge wiring is the largest allowable in standard junction boxes.
You can weave seed beads together in a checkerboard pattern for a keychain. The seed bead colors should feature high contrast, like the red and black of a traditional checkerboard. A fan of checkers or chess will enjoy this keychain, which also makes a great gift. Find seed beads of a wide variety of color choices at bead supply shops and craft stores. This woven beading project makes a great craft for children over the age of 8.
Nichrome is a nickel, chromium and iron alloy that is nonmagnetic, corrosion resistant and that has a high melting point. Nichrome wires are used for a number of electrical heating elements such as those found in hair dryers, toasters and electric ovens. Nichrome is also used for the electronic ignition wires in model rockets and some large fireworks systems. After you know the gauge and quantity of nichrome wire that you need to order, this wire can be purchased online.
Wearing a circlet headdress conjures images of medieval princesses, fairies and brides wearing the romantic head gear. Lightweight yet secure, a circlet can be a simple braided wire for a maiden or a more elaborate piece to replace a crown or veil. Creating a circlet is simple, and from the base, the headdress can take on many manifestations, depending on your use and imagination. The circlet itself is the platform to take on, whatever end result you have the skill and creativity to produce.
Grounding straps are commonly used to pull static charge from any item prone to storing a static charge. These range from furniture, curtains, small electronic devices and even cars. Grounding cords use a crimp ring and alligator clip to draw these small but annoying static charges away from people or devices that may be disrupted by the small stored current.
If you own a Mark 4 Volkswagen Jetta with a turbo charger, installing a boost gauge will help you know just how much boost pressure your turbo is outputting, and when. Wiring such a gauge is a simple matter of connecting the boost pressure line, then tapping the electronic wires to a power supply to ensure that the gauge power and lights and turned on with the vehicle.
Stepper motors are electromechanical devices which are used for precise movement in automated systems. They differ from normal DC motors in that they require their power supply to be pulsed in order to generate movement. Most stepper motors convert one pulse to a movement of 7.5 degrees of rotation. In order to generate these pulses, a PICAXE microprocessor circuit needs to be constructed and connected to the stepper motor via an L293D motor driver chip.
The outside of a pipe is always larger than the inside. The difference between the inside diameter, or ID, and the outside diameter, or OD, is caused by the thickness of the walls. By calculating the difference between the inside diameter and the outside diameter it is possible to determine the size, or thickness, of the pipe walls. The process uses basic math and requires no previous plumbing experience or knowledge of pipe work.
Businessweek reports that more than half the homes in the United States have three or more televisions. Having multiple televisions in your home may require a boost in television reception. The amplifier for a television antenna boosts the signal strength. A loss of signal strength is caused by different problems that an amplifier can correct.
Voltage drop is a loss of usable voltage across an electrical circuit. Passive components such as conductors, connectors, resistors and electrical contacts produce voltage drop. This phenomenon occurs in all electric circuits to some extent and reduces the load capacity of the circuit. The National Electrical Code sets limits on the amount of voltage drop allowable in a circuit. If an undesirable amount of loss is present, actions must be taken to prevent the loss.
When you work with heavy-gauge steel, it can be a little overwhelming if you are not used to such a thick, heavy material. If you have not completed a lot of projects with heavy-gauge steel in the past, you might not know the best way to go about securing the pieces to each other or a different surface. Generally, if you need to install nails, an air nailer is a good choice. Proper maintenance and usage of your air nailer will enable you to shoot nails into the heavy-gauge steel.
Circuit breakers are installed in household breaker boxes, with each one controlling the flow of electricity to an individual circuit in the home. Each breaker has the ability to switch off automatically, but also has an on/off switch for manual operation. The 20-amp circuit breakers can be used on different types of circuits, but are common on household outlet circuits.
A circuit tester is an electrical device commonly used to test if power is present in household electrical circuits, which are typically rated at 110 volts in the U.S. Circuit testers are easy and simple to use, but are critical tools for anyone working with electricity. A simple circuit tester has two probes wired to a light that will illuminate to indicate the presence of power. A homemade circuit tester is relatively easy to build, but circuit testers that are commercially sold are very inexpensive and can easily be found in hardware stores.
Choosing the right type and size of wire prevents electrical shorts and fires. A wire's type is its gauge (size) and the metal type it is made from. The gauge is determined by the number of amps the wire needs to handle and the metal type is mostly chosen because of cost. Copper wires are the current standard, but aluminum wiring is still used for larger gauge multi-stranded cables. The conduit is then sized to the gauge and number of wires required.
The Kohler Command 20 horsepower V-twin engine is relatively simple to wire to your existing garden tractor or other equipment. The only wiring the engine really requires to run is 12 volts to the ignition system, which also energizes a fuel cut-off solenoid. If the equipment is more than five years old, it would be a good idea to replace the switches and other electrical components at the same time that you install the new engine. This will reduce the likelihood of electrical problems.
Snakes can be a nuisance in your yard, and some species are downright dangerous. The least expensive way to get rid of a snake that just won't leave your yard is to build a trap for it. Humane traps that do not physically harm animals can be found in some hardware stores, or you can make your own at home. Snake traps are meant to be used one time, so you may need to make multiple traps if you have several slithery creatures hanging around your yard.
American Society for Testing and Materials, or ASTM, creates standards for materials and material testing. ASTM A370 defines standard test for mechanical testing of steel products. ASTM A370 provides the standard process for performing tensile testing of steel. The data form this test can be used to plot stress-strain curves. These graphs allow engineers to determine the stress or strain steel can endure at a specific temperature before it fails.
Using the correct sized wires and conduits prevents electrical shorts, electrocution and fires. The size of the wire is particularly important because the wire's diameter (gauge) determines the amount of amps it can handle before overheating and melting. To pick the correct size wire you should understand the electrical needs of the circuit you are working on. Conduit size is dependent on the gauge of wire you want to install inside of it. The right size conduit will make fishing the wire through the conduit a simple process.
Direct current terminals are labeled to ensure proper wiring. Industrial direct current, or DC, generator terminal leads are labeled for identification when it is taken out of a motor housing. The National Fire Protection Association, or NFPA, has issued guidelines on fire safety and generator terminal identification.
The National Electric Code specifies the rules for safe installation and wiring of electrical devices, including switches, outlets and appliances. The code requirements governing lighting switches may seem counterintuitive to other electrical codes, but it provides guidelines for safe wiring.
A home's feeder or distribution wires make up the system that delivers electricity from the main panel to various rooms and devices around your house. The gauge or size of the wires determines the amount of current that they can carry safely. The fuse or breaker protects the wires from excessive current that may melt them and create a short. Different gauge wires have various applications around the home. Understanding which wire to use is easy if you know the electrical needs.
Glow lanterns are a great way to decorate for any nighttime get-together or just for everyday elegance. If you are looking for a gently glowing lantern for your patio or even inside the house, there are several ways to make glow lanterns at home. You can use glass jars that you have at home or purchase jars from retailers.
The United States uses a system known as the American Wire Gauge (AWG) to determine wire sizes; the higher the number, the thinner the wire. The numbers range from above 20 and decrease to 0, which is a thick cable. Europe also uses a numbering system, but the higher the wire gauge number, the thicker the wire.
Speaker wires come in a variety of gauges. Denoted as "AWG," or American Wire Gauge, these ratings are dictated by the strand count within the cable's jacket, contributing to its overall diameter. Speaker wire gauge differences are the most relevant when considering the amount of power needed by a speaker and delivered by an amplifier, relative to distance. Choosing the right speaker wire gauge is important when attempting to maximize the amplifier/speaker performance relationship.
Choosing the right wire gauge is important for safety. A wire that is undersized may overheat and cause and electrical short and even a fire. A wire that is over-sized is not dangerous, but is painful for your pocketbook. Wire gauge is determined by the electrical needs of the devices powered by the wire. The breaker or fuse's job is to protect the wire from excessive current it is not designed to handle.
The size of a wire is directly related to the amount of electricity it delivers. The more amps of electricity it uses, the wider the diameter of the conductor. Wire size is measured by its gauge, but in a counter-intuitive way, because as the diameter of the wire increases, the gauge decreases.
Although headpins are inexpensive to buy, if you want to wear one and don't have any on hand, it may be handy to know how to make them yourself. Also, as a crafter, you might have orders to fill for your customers and no time to wait. Headpins are easy to make and personalize; many crafters make them as individualized as each piece of jewelry that they create.
Wire strippers can typically manage only smaller gauge wires because of their design. If hooking up a circuit for an oven, electric dryer or water heater, you need to remove the insulating cover from a much larger wire. This is done with a sharp utility knife and a precise hand. Removing the cover provides a point to connect it to a breaker or outlet. All of the insulation must be removed to make a good connection.
Wire sizes are specified based on the ampacity of the wire. The ampacity is the amount of amperes that can flow through a wire under the normal wire usages. The ampere, or amp for short, is a unit of measurement of the current that flows through a wire. The larger the wire is in diameter, the more amps it can handle. Wires are measured in AWG, or American Wire Gage. The sizes start with 24 AWG and go up to 1 AWG. Then the sizes change to 1/0, 2/0, 3/0, 4/0. The sizes 1/0 through 4/0 are pronounced 1 aught,…
Choosing the right electrical wire for your application is an important safety decision. A wire that is sized too small or with the incorrect insulating cover is a fire and electrical shock hazard. Wire size is sold by its gauge. Counterintuitively, the wire's diameter increases as the gauge decreases. There are many building-code rules that affect your wire selection. Contact the local building authority in your area to learn the rules that apply to your application.
Stranded electrical wire is made of numerous, smaller, individual copper or aluminum wires. This type of electrical wiring allows electrical current to flow with greater ease and is more flexible than solid wire, making it a more sought after wire than solid wire for certain applications. Although stranded wire has its benefits, it can be difficult to attach to screw type terminals unless the correct procedure is followed. Pressure asserted by terminal screws tend to flare out the individual strands of wire, causing a less than desirable electrical connection. With the proper tools and materials, however, you can complete this…
Batteries can be wired together in series or in parallel. Wiring batteries in a series allows you to double or triple your voltage without altering the capacity rating, or amp hours; for example, two 6-volt batteries wired in a series yield 12 volts. When you wire batteries in a parallel circuit, the voltage stays the same but the capacity increases with each additional battery. Two, three or more 12-volt batteries wired in parallel will continue to produce 12 volts.
Stranded wire connection is a challenge for screw terminals with large wire diameters, such as 10 AWG. Any strands that are not securely contained under the terminal could contact other metals and create a short. There are three recommendations for securing multiple wire strands under screw terminals safely and efficiently. The strands can be twisted together, placed under terminal clamp plates or attached to spade terminal connectors for securing under screw terminals.
In the United States, we commonly use American Wire Gauge, AWG, as a measurement of the diameter of an electrical wire. The diameter is measured by the outside diameter of the bare wire, without any insulation. A higher gauge number means a smaller diameter wire. Sometimes you may need to convert the AWG gauges to the metric system using the formula dn = 0.127 x 92^[(36-n)/39]. In this formula, dn stands for the diameter of the wire in millimeters, and n stands for the diameter of the wire in AWG. (see reference 1)
A mil, sometimes referred to as mill, represents one-thousandth of an inch. Therefore, 1,000 mils equals 1 inch. This unit of measure is commonly used to refer to the thicknesses of thin films, plastic sheets and paper. Gauge thickness is one hundred thousandths of an inch. Therefore, there are 100 gauge thicknesses in 1 mil.
Outdoor wires are sized in the same manner as all electrical wires. The gauge, or size, of the wire is determined by the maximum number of amps that the circuit is exposed to. The wire is protected from higher amp loads by a breaker or fuse. Exceeding the recommended amps for a specific gauge of wire is dangerous and could cause an electrical fire. Outdoor wiring must be rated for outdoor use. Your local hardware store can advise you on the correct wire for the application.
Electricity can be dangerous so it's essential you take care when wiring electrical items, particularly if they use high voltage to operate, such as your home electricity supply. Electricity is measured in voltage, amperes and ohms. However, it is the amperes that are the most dangerous, as this is the current draw or energy that travels through the wires from the power source to the electrical appliance. If you're wiring an electrical appliance, it's important you calculate the correct wire to use based upon the amperes the appliance draws.
Red raspberries can grow in hedgerows 18 to 24 inches wide. These plants will send up root suckers that can grow within the row to produce thicker patches. Root suckers that sprout up outside of the row should be removed in order to keep the plants contained in an easily accessible area. Training red raspberry canes on a horizontal trellis will help keep the plants manageable and offer support once the fruit begins to develop.
A short circuit occurs when positive and negative electrical polarities touch each other, without a suitable electrical device wired into the circuit. When a short circuit happens, your electrical fuse blows, or your cut-off switch trips, stopping the electricity supply getting to the area where the two wires touched other and therefore making it safe to correct the short circuit. Electricity can be extremely dangerous, so if you want to test your fuses, or the trip switch in your fuse box, you need to create a short circuit, but very safely. You can do this by using a low-voltage transformer;…
Determining the adequate wire gauge for a specific application is important for safety reasons. Installing a wire that is to small, could cause an electrical fire because it can overheat from the excessive amp loads. Using a wire gauge that is to large hurts your pocketbook because copper wire is expensive. To determine the the wire gauge you need to understand the amp draw of the item you wish to power. This information is typically located in the owner's manual.
Large amounts of firewood can be cumbersome to haul especially across surfaces that aren't flat, such as sand. Trying to pull firewood across the beach to a bonfire, for example can be made much easier with some simple materials that are readily available.
Depending on the application, engineers and builders have two different kinds of wire available to them. Solid wire is composed of one piece of copper, whereas stranded wire is composed of many thinner pieces wrapped together. Their different characteristics make each type of wire suited for specific applications. By knowing the difference in using stranded wire versus solid wire, you can make an informed choice.
Sometimes a single flower says much more than a bouquet could. It is an appropriate gift for many situations, but is usually more popular for romantic occasions. As you prepare your gift, it is important to select a flower with a long stem, such as a rose or a carnation. The presentation is also meaningful. You can wrap your flower in a few minutes with a few, inexpensive supplies.
Ribbon is a very versatile crafting material. Although you may think of the standard bow when you think about ribbons for crafting, this material can be used for many types of projects. One such project is creating roses and flowers from pieces of ribbon. This is a relatively simple task that can be accomplished in just a few minutes by both adults and children. Use ribbon roses and flowers as decorative accents in your home, for hair barrettes and jewelry or just for fun.
Cables are usually sized directly using the metric diameter or the American wire gauge (AWG). An increasing wire size decreases the gauge of the wire. The AWG scale spans from 11.684 mm to 0.0779 mm (No. 0000 AWG to No. 40 AWG) with 39 step sizes in between. Cable size is an important parameter which directly correlates to the cross sectional area of the wire, which affects the electrical (conductance and resistance) and mechanical properties of the wire.
Wire gauge measures the thickness of a cross-section of wire. For centuries, manufacturers developed specific wire gauges to standardize the product for a country or region. The current wire gauge standard in North America is the AWG (American Wire Gauge), which is given in inches. Some standards, like the British Standard Wire Gauge, are given in millimeters. Sometimes it is necessary to convert from one standard to another.
Electricity is transmitted through wire conductors that are either solid or stranded. These two types of wires aid in powering electric wall sockets, vehicles and appliances. Both stranded and solid wires are capable of transmitting electricity, but they have different characteristics that make them specific to particular situations and purposes.
Wire gauge size is measured and described in two different ways: American Wire Gauge and Metric Wire Gauge. American Wire Gauge is measured in inches per diameter of the wire; Metric Wire Gauge is measured in millimeters per diameter. The American formula below can easily be converted to metric gauge.
Different electrical applications require different sizes of wires. In order to provide standardized uses, different wire gauges were put into place. This ensures that the same size wire is used for a specific application. Wire gauge standards are generally adopted in a specific geographic area, such as the United States, North America or the United Kingdom.
Homemade glow lanterns are the perfect complement to any after-dark social. Surprisingly easy to make, and affordable, these outdoor lights will spice up the patio or deck while putting recycled items to excellent use. The soft glow from these outdoor lanterns will illuminate that romantic dinner or dazzle a cozy gathering with friends without costing a fortune. Don't worry about being a craft expert; this easy homemade project that will impress all of your outdoor guests.
The nail gun, or air nailer, is one of the fastest tools in the construction trades. An air compressor or a CO2 insert powers these devices. You load the nails either in a barrel like a machine gun or by a straight line from the top. They come in many different sizes, and all work under the principle that air forces the nail into the wood.
Magnet wire is also known as enameled copper wire. This product is manufactured out of copper or aluminum wire which is covered with a thin layer of insulation. The wire used in production is often fully annealed and electrolytically refined copper. Magnet wire is used mainly in the construction of transformers, motors, headphones, loudspeakers and electromagnets.
Staghorn ferns (Platycerium spp.) are challenging houseplants that enjoy warmer temperatures. Most species of staghorn ferns originated from tropical or semi-tropical regions, where frosts and freezing temperatures are rare. How much cold a staghorn fern can ultimately withstand may depend on the exact species, however, because a few varieties can tolerate much lower temperatures than others.
Using a light in your water well makes the water feature more attractive. Place a bulb socket in the correct position, and the water produces a colored rippling effect. However, electricity and water don't mix too well. It's sensible to use low voltage power from a transformer or battery and to keep your bulb socket above the water line so it doesn't get too wet.
Outdoor home lighting adds a great effect to your garden area. However, it can be particularly annoying if you find that your lights don't work a few hours prior to having family members or friends around. The quickest method to troubleshoot why your lights don't work, so you can get them mended, is to use a multimeter. You can systematically test the wire connections to trace and rectify the problem.
Cities often require cardboard to be bundled in a specific way in order to be collected for recycling. Check with your city for the specific requirements on shape and size. There are often slightly different requirements for business and residential recycling. Cardboard can also be bundled for easy storage, transportation or disposal.
Stripping heavy gauge wire is necessary if you want to sell the copper for a profit, hook up a component or recycle the wire. Stripping the wire removes the outer coating. Nicked wires fail to connect properly, thus resulting in wasted time. Wire strippers are useful in stripping small-gauge wires although they do not work on heavy gauge. Using a pocket knife or other sharp knife in the correct manner allows you to strip the wire in a quick and efficient manner.
Strings of Christmas lights add to a festive ambiance, but when one light bulb blows, all the lights go off. Finding and replacing the blown bulb is not a complicated task. Using a battery and a couple of strips of wire you can build a simple tester to find the bulb or bulbs to replace.
A tensile test measures the strength of materials. The test helps manufacturers understand how much force a material can be put under before the material bends, strains or breaks. One measure of a material in a tensile test is strain, which is the change in length of the material after it has been stretched using a specified force. A strain test carried out until the material breaks is called a strain to fracture test.
Rabbits are popular pets, but sometimes housing them can be difficult, awkward and costly. Inexpensive cages can be built that will house rabbits safely and securely. The cages can be designed in almost any size and shape desired.
Basic geometry formulas are helpful tools for do-it-yourself wood-working projects around the house. The radius is a measurement of a circle that is equal to half its diameter. The diameter is found by measuring the distance from a point on the circle to its counterpoint on the opposite side. To find the radius of a chair surface, the seat of the chair must have a circular shape, similar to that of a stool.
Finding problems in electrical circuits can be a difficult and tedious task. Using a multimeter around the electrical circuit is the best method, but if you don't have a multimeter you can still test the electrical circuit by building your own electrical circuit tester. The chances are you have the few items needed to build the tester in your garage.
String lights are simply a number of lights attached to a length of wire at set intervals. Most string lights are wired in parallel, meaning each light bulb is the same voltage as the power source. Electric string lights add an attractive and warm feel to many places such as a patio area, back yard or in your home. Making your own set of string lights takes a little time, but is often cheaper than buying a set and, importantly, you get a sense of fulfilment when you switch on your homemade string lights.
American Wire Gauge (AWG) is the official scale for measuring wire sizes. The scale can be confusing because a lower gauge wire number has a higher amperage rating than a higher gauge number. In the wire-making process, wires all start out the same size and run through an extruding machine. The wire gets smaller in diameter each time it goes through the extruder. The number of times the copper runs through the extruder is the number used as its gauge size. An AWG No. 6 wire has gone through the extruder six times.
When you get right down to the basics, an oven is a container that holds heat in order to cook food. Anything that surrounds your future meal and keeps heat in will work for oven cooking. While it may look strange and get you odd looks from the in-laws, it is possible to cook a turkey, beef roast or other large cut using a trash can for an oven. Use this method to cook the largest part of your meal and free up valuable oven space for the side dishes and dessert.
Joining aluminum stranded wire with solid copper wire is a routine part of common household wiring tasks, such as wiring a light fixture. Aluminum stranded wire and solid copper wire meshes nicely when using the right connectors, making the job of joining the two fast and easy.
Avoid your allergies to roses and other flowers by creating a ribbon rose bouquet. Use wide or narrow ribbon to create a variety of rose shapes to form into a bouquet. A ribbon rose bouquet can contribute to the decor of a home, provide a finishing touch to a wedding ensemble or make an ideal accessory to a formal outfit. Make your rose bouquet out of your favorite color of ribbon to match your taste.
A pulley typically consists of a round wheel-shaped drum that is mounted on a fixed spindle. The wheel shaped drum will often have a groove in the center or a lip along the edges to help keep rope or cable in place during operation. A simple pulley can be made using items discarded as trash. Assembling a pulley from trash can be a good learning project for school-aged children.
Outdoor lighting is helpful in creating a functional outside area after the sun sets. When installing new lighting, it is important for the overall performance of the system to use the correct gauge wire.
Suppose you had a 100 foot coil of copper wire, and you wanted to know its mass. You could simply weigh it and convert the measurement to mass, but that would give you the mass of the wire and the spindle around which it's coiled. However, you can conveniently calculate the mass without weighing anything. You can do this by using the volume, which can be calculated from the American Wire Gauge (AWG) size and the known density of copper.
Watts and amperes (amps) are often confused because both measure rates of flow. Amperes measure the flow rate of an electrical charge. Watts measure the flow rate of energy. Electricians wire breaker panels according to their amperage capacity. Most homes run 100- (the minimum allowed by code today), 150- or 200-amp electrical service.
Wire sizes are normally offered using the American Wire Gauge (AWG) system, which gauges wires based on a series of whole numbers. This system makes asking for and remembering wire sizes much easier than quoting the exact diameter. As an example, it is easier to say, "I want 3 feet of AWG 1 wire," than it is to say, "I want 3 feet of 0.2893 inch diameter wire." Since the gauge of the wire is directly related to its diameter, and diameter is simply twice the length of the radius, you can calculate the radius using AWG.
The AWG (American Wire Gauge) system, sometimes referred to as the B&S (Brown and Sharpe) system, is the standard for measuring the diameter of electrical wire. When using gauge size to determine wire diameter, the larger gauge number denotes a thinner diameter wire. While there is no standard mathematical formula for converting wire diameter from gauge to linear measurement, the AWG Conversion Table lists wires with their diameters in gauges, millimeters and inches, not including the insulation.
Concrete is very weak in tension, but behaves very soundly under compression. When you put a load on top of a concrete beam, the beam bends into a U-shape. The top of the beam is in compression, and the bottom of the beam is in tension. Tensile strength of concrete depends on mix design, but for many engineering and calculation purposes, it is assumed to be zero. The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) provides standard concrete tensile strength measurement procedures. According to the ASTM, the method is useful for both field and laboratory use.
A modern 120-volt electrical connection is composed of a hot, neutral and ground wire. The hot wire delivers the electricity to the appliance and the neutral provides the path through the transformer and back to the ground. Determining the required size of these wires is as simple as reading a chart.
Safety is the most important factor in designing an electrical cable circuit, and one of the most important is determining the correct wire gauge to use for your cable run. If the wire gauge is too small then inadequate current and even fires could result and if the wire gauge is larger than required, the circuit becomes unnecessarily expensive. Use a simple formula to determine the correct wire gauge for a new electrical circuit.
There are only two choices for wire in an electric panel -- aluminum or copper. Each have their advantages depending on the situation. Electrical codes determine the size of the wire based on the specific application, whether it is service entrance wire or part of an individual circuit.