Ford Tractor Hydraulic System Troubleshooting

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Ford tractors use hydraulic assist systems to raise, lower or move a variety of lifts, loaders and earth-moving tools. All Ford tractors have the same hydraulic components: a pump, reservoir, high-pressure filter, hoses and fittings and hydraulic pistons. Having "inline hydraulic systems” means that an operational problem with any of the components will affect all the systems. It's import to know about these vital parts of the Ford tractor hydraulic system when trying to resolve problems.

Controls

  • Check all the connections and control valves operating the system if the control reaction is slow. Inspect all the valves opening and closing within the system for full actuation. Slow valves mean that fluid doesn’t get to the system and will not respond to control inputs. All valves need to be properly seated with tight fittings and seals. Direct cabling or motorized actuators operate the valves, depending on your Ford tractor model. Make sure the cables are tight and the motors perform to specifications.

Fluid

  • Check all the fittings attached to the pump, reservoir, filter housing, hoses and pistons if the system often needs more fluid, or you see fluid puddles of fluid around or on the Ford tractor. Check for pinhole leaks in the rubber hoses. Hoses can leak a lot of fluid through small holes under pressure. Don’t repair, but replace damaged high-pressure hoses.

    The reservoir drain plug needs to be tight. Inspect all the seals on the pump assembly for any leaks, and tighten, repair or replace if necessary.

Vibration

  • Check all the clamps and mounts if your Ford tractor is vibrating too much when using the hydraulics. Go around and tighten all the plastic and stainless steel clamps and brackets. Always check these clamps when the system is pressurized. When the system is not operating, loose brackets or clamps night not be apparent.

Power

  • Check the pump and the fluid pressure if the hydraulic-powered apparatus appears weak and is not moving properly. Inspect the power supply for the hydraulic pump and drive belt to make sure both perform to specifications. Pumps will not achieve full pressure with a slipping belt. Check the reservoir and add fluid to correct levels. Do not overfill. Hydraulic systems work best with exact fluid levels. More fluid will not mean more power. Replace the filter regularly to avoid problems with accumulated contamination. If the filter is dirty or clogged, it will prevent the fluid from freely going from the reservoir to the pump and returning. Check the hydraulic pistons. Any dents or wearing can cause the pistons to bind and not move freely when pressurized.

References

  • Photo Credit Spencer Platt/Getty Images News/Getty Images
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