How Do I Brace Wooden Trusses?

Save

Wooden trusses are triangulated structures that are used to carry the load of a house's roof to the outside walls. These trusses have mostly replaced traditional rafters in homes. While they're extremely strong and specially engineered though, roof trusses may still need bracing in order to support the complete weight of a given structure.

Locate the Weak Points

  • Not all wooden trusses will need bracing. A small roof such as a shed or garage may not bear a great deal of weight, and so the trusses will be fine on their own. However, if a roof truss needs to be cut for some reason (say to accommodate a chimney or other structure) then the place where that truss is cut is a weak point that will need bracing. Also, if a roof is overspanned, then bracing may become necessary. Overspanned roofs are those where the trusses reach out too far without enough support and they can't hold the weight of the roof. Typically it takes a roof collapse, or an inspection by an engineer to determine if trusses are in fact overspanned.

Web Members

  • Wooden trusses have three parts: a single shaft called the bottom chord that goes straight across the base like a rafter, and two others that lean against each other at an angle to form a triangle. Inside this triangle is a straight shaft from the center of the bottom chord to the top point of the triangle, with angled shafts going to support the two "walls" of the triangle. These are all called the web, and it's the shafts in the web that are braced. As a general rule if a web member is six feet in length or longer it should be braced to avoid buckling. A wooden brace, commonly a 1 inch by 4 inch board, is then placed beneath the web member and anchored to the bottom chord. The bottom chord is the wooden board that runs beneath the wooden truss like a ceiling rafter, and it supports the truss.

Gusset Plates

  • In order to secure a brace to the bottom chord, it may be necessary to use a gusset plate. These plates are made of steel or plywood. A gusset plate will screw into a brace, and then it will also screw into the bottom chord to provide a strong connection. Using these plates negates the need for nailing through the bottom chord, and the guess work of trying to figure out where the nail and/or screw will come out. It also means that pilot holes won't be drilled through the supporting bottom cord, which may weaken the structure.

References

  • Photo Credit Hemera Technologies/Photos.com/Getty Images
Promoted By Zergnet

Comments

You May Also Like

  • How to Brace a Gable Roof

    When building any type of roof it is important to make sure it is as sturdy and secure as possible. Roofers use...

  • How to Build Roof Truss Rafters

    Roof truss rafters, commonly called simply trusses, have replaced traditional rafter-and-tie framing as the standard for building roofs for houses and other...

  • How to Build a Wood Frame Garage

    This article will give you a complete material list and cut list for the construction of a 20'x20' wood framed garage, also...

  • How to Fix a Broken Roof Truss

    A broken roof truss can cause many different problems. If the truss is bad enough, it can cause the sagging or collapse...

  • How to Repair a House Rafter

    A house roof bears an incredible amount of weight: tons of rafter and sheathing wood (or roof decking), tar paper, flashing and...

  • The Advantages of Cross Bracing in Steel Structures

    Cross bracing is a form of reinforcement in construction that involves putting braces from the right-hand corner of the floor to the...

  • House Trusses Step-by-Step

    A house truss or roof truss is a framework made of wood or metal, designed to support the structure of the roof....

Related Searches

Check It Out

22 DIY Ways to Update Your Home on a Small Budget

M
Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!