Many people have dandruff on a regular basis. It can be uncomfortable and troublesome while also affecting overall health and beauty of the hair. Dandruff primarily affects the scalp. It occurs when your scalp’s skin cells renew much faster than they’re supposed to. Correspondingly, your scalp has to shed its dead cells, meaning the outer layer becomes scaly and flaky. Dandruff has many causes. The most common ones are poor hygiene, use of too many hair products, skin infections and an imbalanced diet.
For immediate relief, use an anti-dandruff shampoo two to three times a week. Diligently massage your scalp with the lather without scratching or hurting the scalp. Leave the lather on your head for several minutes. Read shampoo label for directions and cautions.
The chemicals found in anti-dandruff shampoos make them potent solutions. Zinc pyrithione, for instance, helps reduce yeast production. Selenium sulphide promotes the suppression of oil production in the scalp. Coal tar has natural anti-fungal properties but can discolor your hair. Ketoconazole helps reduce the shedding of scalp cells and last, salicylic acids promote shedding of cells to get rid of the excess dead skin cells.
If the dandruff persists, has worsened or has spread to other areas of the skin, see your general physician for prescription medication or for a referral to a skin specialist.
Capex, which is a prescription steroid-based shampoo, also called as FS shampoo, can treat severe dandruff. Topical steroid drops, similar to eye drops, may also be applied to the scalp twice a day for immediate and long-term relief.
For immediate results, try coconut oil, which can be found in health food stores. Simply apply the coconut oil to your scalp and massage it to release the dead skin cells, using either a bristle brush or your fingertips. Avoid using your sharp nails, as they may irritate your scalp. Wash hair with warm or hot water for 15 minutes to remove oil. This results in an immediate reduction of dandruff. For another quick fix, try fresh aloe vera or its gel form, sold in specialty stores. Leave the aloe on your scalp for 10 to 15 minutes, and then wash your hair. The anti-inflammatory and moisturizing properties of aloe vera will not only soothe the scalp, but also help get rid of dead skin cells.