Isolation Precautions for Mrsa

Save

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a serious infection that can be acquired by persons who are hospitalized and have a depressed immune system, or are recovering from surgery. MRSA is particularly dangerous because it can be spread through the air and by physical contact, and is resistant to most forms of antibiotics. Patients who have MRSA must be isolated to prevent infecting others.

Hand Hygiene

  • In order for any isolation guidelines to be effective, proper hand hygiene must be enforced. All persons coming into contact with blood and/or body fluids, as well as items that have been touched or worn by a MRSA infected person, should wash their hands immediately. This is true even if gloves are worn. The hands should be washed immediately after the removal of the gloves.

Contact Precautions

  • Persons entering the room of a patient who has MRSA must wear masks, goggles/face shields, gloves, and a surgical gown. All the mucous membranes must protected from airborne or physical contamination by MRSA bacteria. Additionally, all skin should be covered to prevent contact with the MRSA infected patient and other items in the room. Upon leaving the patient, all hospital garb and protective items should be treated as hazardous medical waste and disposed of in appropriate receptacles.

Dealing With Medical Devices

  • All medical devices used by a MRSA patient or housed in the same room as a patient with MRSA must be thoroughly sanitized before reuse. All external surfaces should be thoroughly cleaned before being allowed back into general use. This also includes transport devices such as wheel chairs, stretchers, and other equipment such as canes and walkers.

Patient Rooming

  • Persons with MRSA should not room with other patients. They should have their own rooms with signage clearly identifying the need for contact, droplet, and airborne precautions on the patient's door. When it is not possible to place patients in single rooms, MRSA patients may be placed in a room with another patient who has the same strain of MRSA infection.

Patient Interaction

  • Persons with MRSA may be allowed to move about and participate in activities as long as the area or site of the MRSA infection (feeding tube, etc.) can be covered and isolated. In cases where it is impossible to isolate and cover MRSA infected areas, if the patient is producing sputum, or has uncontrolled bodily functions, they should not be allowed to interact with other patients or guests outside of their hospital room.

References

Promoted By Zergnet

Resources

You May Also Like

  • What Is the MRSA Virus?

    MRSA is a bacterium that's resistant to treatment with commonly used antibiotics. MRSA stands for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Bacteria in the MRSA...

  • Symptoms of MRSA Nares

    MRSA--methicillin-resistance Staphylococcus aureus---frequently shows up in swabs of the nose. These MRSA colonies in what both ancient Romans and modern-day health care...

  • How Long is MRSA Contagious?

    According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention MRSA (methicllin-resistant staphylococcus) is staph infection that is resistant to antibiotics. MRSA can...

  • What Is Colonized Mrsa?

    MRSA stands for methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. It is a bacteria that is resistant to broad-spectrum antibiotics and can be deadly.

Related Searches

Check It Out

This Is the Beauty Routine of a Yelp Sales Manager

M
Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!