An allergic reaction to medication, pollen or bacteria can cause your eyes to swell and because the eye and skin around the eye is extremely sensitive, it is important to contain and minimize any swelling. It is common practice to treat yourself for an eye infection when the eye is red and swollen, but if there is any discharge, pain or the white of the eye is extremely red, you should contact your physician as soon as possible to avoid any complications affecting your sight.
Rinse your eyes several times a day with cool, clean water to stop the allergy irritation and reduce the swelling. Drop four drops of rose water--which can be purchased at an herb shop--in your eyes and keep your eyes closed for five to 10 minutes. Rose water is a home remedy that has been used for generations to treat eye irritation and swelling. Use the drops three times a day, and the swelling and irritation should be gone in two to three days.
Wrap a clean cloth around a bag of ice and hold it directly on your eye to reduce swelling. When ice is not available, soak a clean cloth in cold water and hold it over your eyes to help reduce swelling.
Make a cup of tea using two regular or chamomile tea bags. When the bags have cooled, place a tea bag over each eye for five to 10 minutes, repeating the process two to three times a day until the swelling subsides.
If you are prone to getting swollen eyes, always wear sunglasses when you go outdoors or are in bright light. Never rub your eyes with your fingers, as this will spread the irritant; instead, rinse them with cool water. Limit eye strain when watching television or working on your computer and always make sure you have adequate lighting when reading. Adding foods high in calcium, iron and protein to your diet will also help to boost your immune system and reduce eye allergies.
If you experience extreme swelling, puffiness and redness of the eye, contact your physician as soon as possible as there may be a more serious medical condition present, such as scleritis or uveitis, which would require medical attention.