Facial hair can be a embarrassing problem for women with dark, coarse hair. Facial hair must be dealt with carefully, as shaving can cause razor burn and unsightly stubble, and depilatory creams can cause irritation and uneven pigment. While there are few permanent facial hair removal techniques, there are treatments that produce long-term benefits from 6 months to a year. Contact a licensed, experienced professional about hair removal, and ask for previous work samples to guarantee safety.
Electrolysis is a procedure that damages the hair follicles to prevent them from producing more hair. According to Laura M. Regan, author of "Winning the Battle Against Unwanted Hair Growth," electrolysis is a relatively painless treatment in which a thin metal rod is inserted into each hair follicle and burns it. This causes the hair to no longer grow in the spot, but for treatment to successfully work, you must burn each individual hair follicle. It can take up to six sessions to permanently damage the hair follicle, and there is a risk of swelling, infection or hyperpigmentation, according to Regan.
Laser therapy directs light set at a specific wavelength onto the hair follicle. The light damages the hair follicle. According to the Food and Drug Administration, this treatment is suitable for hair reduction, but does not permanently get rid of hair growth. As the hair follicle is damaged, it likely will produce less hair. Laser therapy isn't for everyone, as those with darker skin can suffer permanent skin damage such as hyperpigmentation, because of the amount of melanin in the skin, according to Regan. These treatments are expensive and require multiple sessions. The side effects of laser therapy include tenderness, swelling and redness, which subsides four to five days after treatment.
Vaniqa is an FDA-approved topical medication used to remove facial hair. This medication can only be acquired from your doctor with a prescription, and must be applied daily to maintain unwanted hair. According to the official site, it can take up to 2 months for results to appear. Vaniqa should only be used on the face, and should not be used if you have acne or broken skin. You must use this medication every day, or the hair will grow back. Side effects of Vaniqa include redness, burning or stinging sensation.